168 terms

computer lit

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Terms in this set (...)

Autonomy
working without continual direction and control
Crowdfunding
using the internet to get small donations from many people to start a business
QR
quick response
Crowd sourcing
solicits online input from consumers
collaborative consumption
sharing products rather than owning them individually
Skype
popular voice over internet protocol (VolP)
computer literate
someone who is familiar enough with computers to understand their capabilities and limitations
software
commands that instruct a computer what to do
spam
unwanted or junk emails
information technology
field of study focused on handling and automatic retrieval of information
Data mining
process of searching huge amounts of data seeking a pattern
ex of data mining
netflix providing you a list of videos you might enjoy
used to help create digital art
Corel painter
goal of biomedical research
provide technological solutions to physical and health related problems
biomedical chip implants
provide sight to the blind
computer forensics
analyzing computer systems to gather potential legal evidence
augmented reality
normal sense of the world around us enhanced with digital information
affective computing
recognizes and simulates human emotion
crisis mapping
tools gather information from sources such as e-mails, text messages, and tweets and make the information instantly and publicly available for use in emergencies.
social networking
tools enable groups of people to connect and exchange ideas.
digital divide
gap between those who have easy access to the Internet and technology those who do not
All of the following factors lead to greater motivation EXCEPT
consumption
cognitive surplus
results when leisure time and tools allow us to engage in creative acts.
mastery
feeling confident and excited about learning new skills
Autonomy is the feeling of confidence and excitement from seeing your own skills progress.
false
Purpose is the simple understanding that you are working for something larger than yourself.
true
Cognitive surplus is the combination of leisure time and creativity tools.
true
Zipcar is an example of ownership.
false
Crowdfunding is asking for large donations from a few people.
false
The AT and T mobile app that lets customers report locations where there are gaps in service is an example of crowdsourcing.
true
A virus is electronic junk mail.
false
You cannot be computer literate unless you have knowledge of higher-level computer skills, such as computer programming.
false
Hardware refers to the programs that give instructions to the computer.
false
Computer forensics analyzes computer systems in gathering potential legal evidence.
true
Hospitals use nonimplant versions of identity chips on the wristbands of all patients.
false
Affective computing is a field of study focused on the managing, processing, and automatic retrieval of information.
false
Mastery of software programs, such as Adobe Illustrator and Corel Painter, is essential to creating digital art.
true
Information technology is the study of managing, processing, and the automatic retrieval of information.
true
Examples of information technology careers are telecommunication and software deployment.
true
VeriMed can be used to keep Alzheimer's patients safe
true
The National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime database enables detectives to analyze information about similarities between crimes.
true
Data warehousing is the process of searching large datasets to find patterns.
false
Computers use ________ language consisting of 0s and 1s.
binary
In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special symbol is made up of a unique combination of eight ________.
bits
Which of the following is the smallest unit of measure?
megabite
Apple's OS X and Microsoft Windows are examples of
operating system
Which of the following computers supports many simultaneous users and manages large amounts of data?
mainframe computer
embedded computers
specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as a car.
A keyboard and mouse are examples of
input devices
Which of the following is NOT a system used with touch screens?
inductive
screen resolution
The number of pixels displayed on the screen
The most common type of monitor is a(n
LCD
Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of
nonimpact printers
________ printers have tiny hammer-like keys that strike the paper through an inked ribbon.
impact
motherboard
contains the central electronic components of the computer.
network interface card (NIC)
enables your computer to connect to other computers or to the Internet.
RAM
abbreviation for the place in the computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are temporarily stored.
RAM is a ________ storage location.
volatile
ROM
area that holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up when it is powered on
A(n)________ CPU has two processing paths, allowing it to process more than one instruction at a time.
dual core
All of the following are examples of nonvolatile storage EXCEPT
RAM
Dropbox is an example of ________.
cloudstorage
All of the following are names for a flash drive EXCEPT ________ drive.
hard
Flash drives plug into a(n) _______
USB port
Which of the following optical storage media has the greatest storage capacity?
BD
Universal serial bus (USB)
most common port found on today's computing devices
port
a peripheral device can attach to a computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system.
Which computer port can transmit uncompressed audio and video?
HDMI
All of the following are ways to avoid injuries when working on computers EXCEPT ________.
placing a monitor 12" from the eye
ergonomics
concerned with the design and arrangement of machines and furniture to avoid uncomfortable or unsafe experiences.
Information is data that have been organized or presented in a meaningful fashion.
true
A smartphone is a computer.
true
The operating system provides the means for users to interact with a computer.
true
The terms data and information can be used interchangeably.
false
Processing is manipulating, calculating, or organizing data into information.
true
On a keyboard, Num Lock and Caps Lock are both toggle keys.
true
Laser printers are used in stores to print receipts and in airports for electronic ticketing.
true
The arithmetic logic unit (ALU) controls all of the functions performed by the computer's other components and processes all the commands issued to it by software instructions.
false
Joysticks and steering wheels are examples of game controllers.
true
Keyboards that display on screen when input of text is required are known as virtual keyboards.
true
Starting a computer when it is powered off is called a warm boot.
false
Brightness ratio is the difference in light intensity between brightest white and darkest black produced by a monitor.
false
The area that holds all of the instructions the computer needs to start up is the RAM
false
External hard drives are often used to back up data that are contained on the internal hard drive.
true
Today's CPUs run at speeds measured in kilohertz.
false
The Internet is ________.
a large network of networks
The concept of the Internet was developed in response to the ________ War
cold
The World Wide Web was based on a protocol developed by ________
Tim Berners Lee
The "fathers" of the Internet are Vinton Cerf and ________.
Robert Kahn
web browser
Software that enables you to display and interact with text and other media on the web
The web is based on the ________
hypertext transfer protocol
client
A computer connected to the Internet that asks for data
The unique identification number assigned to your computer when you connect to the Internet is known as all of the following EXCEPT ________.
path
A(n) ________ system requires a program, such as Microsoft Outlook, to be installed on your computer, and when the program is opened, your e-mail is downloaded to your computer.
email client
Podcasts enable you to ________.
deliver audio/video files via RSS
Adobe Reader, Flash Player, and QuickTime Player are examples of software programs called ________.
plug ins
________ media are continuously fed to your browser so you do not have to wait for the entire file to completely download before listening to or watching it.
streaming
All of the following are types of e-commerce business EXCEPT ________.
C2B
social commerce
A subset of e-commerce that uses social networks to assist in marketing and purchasing products
Which of the following is NOT a precaution to take when shopping online?
Pay with a debit card, not a credit card.
The "s" in "https" stands for ________ socket layer
secure
A Microsoft ________ account allows you to store and share files in the cloud.
onedrive
Which of the following is NOT a feature of the most popular web browsers?
tacked browsing
tab isolation
The browser feature where tabs are independent of each other
URL
unique address for a particular website
In the URL http://www.microsoft.com/surface, the portion labeled ".com" is the ________.
top level domain
In the URL http://www.microsoft.com/surface, the portion labeled "surface" is the ________
path
In the URL http://www.microsoft.com/surface, the portion labeled "http" is the ________.
protocol
breadcrumb trail
navigation aid that shows the path you have taken to get to a web page or where the page is located within the website.
Which of the following is a feature of Live bookmarks?
Adds RSS technology to bookmarks
AND, OR, and NOT are examples of ________ operators.
Boolean
The Internet was developed to ensure faster delivery of communications such as mail.
False
All popular social networking sites have privacy policies but you still need to follow certain precautions when using their sites.
true
E-mails are completely private.
false
With a client-based e-mail account, you are able to view your e-mail only from the computer on which the client program is installed.
true
A universal chat client allows you to chat with users who are using a different IM service than you are.
true
iphones and iPads use Flash to play videos.
false
When shopping on the web, it is better to pay for your purchase with a debit card rather than a credit card.
false
Using the browser feature tab isolation, you can drag an open tab away from its current window and open it in a new window.
false
You can use breadcrumb trail to see the path you have taken to get to a web page, or where the page is located within a website.
true
Tagging enables you to share your favorite websites with others.
true
A browser's bookmark feature makes it easy to return to a specific web page.
true
A metasearch engine searches other search engines.
true
When evaluating a website, testing the relevancy of a site means checking to see whether the information on the site is current.
true
A subject directory is an outline of websites organized by topics.
true
________ software helps run the computer and coordinates instructions between other software and the hardware devices.
system
You can obtain software through ________, in which a vendor hosts the software online over the Internet and you do not have to install it on your computer.
Software as a Service
Using applications on smartphones and tablets to buy and sell products is known as ________ commerce.
mobile
Which of the following is NOT an example of a general productivity software application?
image editing
Apache OpenOffice is an example of a(n) ________ productivity suite.
open source
Web-based application software is software that ________.
is stored completely on a web server instead of your hard drive
All of the following are examples of software suites EXCEPT ________.
Microsoft OneNote
The appropriate software to use for creating research papers is ________ software.
word processing
________ software is used to perform calculations and numerical analyses.
Spreadsheet
When using a spreadsheet, the expression =D8-D17 is called a ________.
formula
When using a spreadsheet, SUM in the expression =SUM(B10:B16), is called a(n) ________.
function
The intersection of a row and column in a spreadsheet program is known as a ________.
cell
All of the following are tips for a great presentation EXCEPT ________.
use a variety of animations on most slides to keep audience attention
In databases, a category of data is called a ________.
field
All of the following are examples of database software EXCEPT ________.
OneNote
________ software helps you manage e-mail, contacts, calendars, and tasks in the same application.
Personal information manager
QuarkXPress is an example of ________ software.
desktop publishing
Peachtree is an example of ________ software.
accounting
Dreamweaver is an example of ________ software.
web page design
Software that manages "back office" functions such as billing, production, inventory management, and human resources management is called ________ software.
enterprise resource planning
All of the following are types of multimedia and entertainment software EXCEPT ________.
productivity software
Computer-aided design software is used by ________.
architects to create virtual models
Software designed for real estate agents is an example of ________ software.
vertical market
Multimedia software includes all of the following EXCEPT________.
utility software
To remove red eye from a digital image, you would use software such as ________.
Adobe Photoshop
Which of the following is the most common audio compression format?
MP3
A(n) ________ software installation copies all the most commonly used files and programs from the distribution disc to your computer's hard drive.
full
A(n) ________ software installation enables you to decide which features you want to install on the hard drive.
custom
Unwanted or unneeded software included by manufacturers on new computers is called ________.
bloatware
Application software helps run the computer and coordinates instructions with the hardware.
false
Using your mobile devices to make purchases is more risky than making purchases with your computer on the web.
false
Software as a Service (SaaS) hosts web-based applications.
true
Coordinated colors and styles used in a document are known as themes.
true
OpenOffice.org is an example of open source software.
true
Most word processing programs come with a search-and-replace tool that enables you to locate and replace specific text.
true
In a database, a table can be defined as a data category.
false
You can use PowerPoint to trim video clips without having to use a separate video-editing program.
true
A CD stores the same number of songs in uncompressed format as in MP3 format.
false
Wizards are step-by-step guides for performing complicated tasks in application software.
true
Adobe Photoshop is a drawing software application used by graphic artists.
false
Desktop publishing software enables you to create newsletters and annual reports.
true
All web-based software is free.
false
A full software installation enables you to choose which program features you want installed on your hard drive.
false