History 11 - Chapter 5, 6, 7, & 9 - TRB 11

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Terms in this set (...)

What is the largest category of legal immigrants today?
family sponsored immigrants
List 3 positive effects immigrants have on the economy.
1. high-tech industries have come to rely on newcomers.
2. Helped revive downtown business districts in the biggest U.S. cities.
3. Tend to specialize in areas of fields that are in high demand.
List 3 negative effects immigrants have on the economy.
1. Taking jobs.
2. Unskilled workers hold down wages at bottom of employment ladder.
3. Drains poor countries of their most educated professionals.
economic security
the condition of having stable income or other resources to support a standard of living now and in the foreseeable future.
low-wage labor
a worker paid far less than the median wage in a job offering little upward mobility; the job offers little in the way of benefits and it may have an irregular schedule.
tax base
A tax base is the assessed amount of an entity's assets or income that are subject to taxation
labor union
an organized association of workers, often in a trade or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests
employment ladder
the ladder typically describes the progression from entry level positions to higher levels of pay, skill, responsibility, or authority.
public assistance budget
government aid to the poor, disabled, or aged or to dependent children
border control
Border control means measures adopted by a country to regulate and monitor its borders. ... It regulates the entry and exit of people, animals and goods across a country's border. It aims at fighting terrorism and detecting the movement of criminals across the borders.
seasonal migration
Migration (human) is the movement of people from one place in the world to another for the purpose of taking up permanent or semipermanent residence, usually across a political boundary. An example of "semipermanent residence" would be the seasonal movements of migrant farm laborers.
trading bloc
A trade bloc is a type of intergovernmental agreement, often part of a regional intergovernmental organization, where regional barriers to trade, (tariffs and non-tariff barriers) are reduced or eliminated among the participating states.
official international points of entry
a place where one may lawfully enter a country. It typically has a staff of people who check passports and visas and inspect luggage to assure that contraband is not imported. International airports are usually ports of entry, as are road and rail crossings on a land border.
persecution
to treat (someone) cruelly or unfairly especially because of race or religious or political beliefs.