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Chapter 8 Vocabulary -AP Gov
Terms in this set (35)
One party controls the presidency while the other party controls Congress.
A party that opposes the economic policies of the government in power.
Parties that are created by the split in a major political party, usually over the philosophy of the major party's presidential candidate.
A group of individuals who share a set of ideas about politics and economy.
A situation when there is difficulty passing laws that satisfy the needs of the people.
A political party whose electoral strength is so small as to prevent its gaining control of a government except in rare and exceptional circumstances.
New Deal coalition
Coalition forged by the Democrats who dominated America politics from the 1930s to the 1960s; its basic elements were the urban working class, ethnic groups, Catholics and Jews, the poor, Southerners, African Americans, and intellectuals.
A political party that campaigns on only one issue.
An organized group of people with at least roughly similar political aims and opinions, that seeks to influence public policy by getting its candidates elected to public office.
Single member district
An electoral district that returns one officeholder to a body with multiple members such as a legislature.
Parties organized around sociability, rather than tangible rewards or ideology.
A local or state political party that is largely supported by another organization in the community.
Voting for candidates who are all of the same party.
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses.
A political party organized as opposition to the existing parties in a two-party system.
A party system where two major political parties dominate politics within a government.
An election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins.
The battle of the parties for control of public offices.
A structure within a society that connects the people to the government or centralized authority.
Rational Choice Theory
An economic principle that states that individuals always make prudent and logical decisions.
The political party with which an individual identifies.
When a voter in an election votes for candidates from different political parties when multiple offices are being decided by a single election.
A type of political party organization that relies heavily on material inducements, such as patronage, to win votes and govern.
A type of direct primary limited to registered party members, who must declare their party affiliation in order to vote.
A primary election in which voters are not required to declare political affiliation.
Voters may pick one candidate for each office without regard to party lines.
A convention of a major political party, especially one that nominates a candidate for the presidency.
An alliance for combined action, especially a temporal alliance of political parties forming a government or of states.
Historical periods in which a majority of voters cling to the party in power, which tends to win a majority of the elections.
An electoral "earthquake" where new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is often displaced by the minority party.
Displacement of the majority party by the minority party.
The gradual disengagement of people and politicians from the parties, as seen in part by shrinking party identification.
An electoral system used throughout most of Europe that awards legislative seats to political parties in proportion to the number of votes won in an election.
When two or more parties join together to form a majority in a national legislature.
Responsible Party Model
Parties should offer clear choices to the voters, who can then use these choices as cues to their own preferences of candidates. Once in office, parties would carry out their campaign promises.
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