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supreme court cases
us gov't-supreme court cases-valley
Terms in this set (13)
*Gideon v. Wainwright-(1963)
A Supreme Court case in which the court ruled that a defendant in a felony trial must be provided a lawyer free of charge if the defendant cannot afford one. extending the identical requirement made on the federal government under the 6th Amendment.
*Mapp v. Ohio - (1961)
The Supreme Court established that the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court)
*Miranda v. Arizona - (1966)
A landmark Supreme Court ruling that held the The supreme court decided that the Fifth Amendment requires that individuals arrested for a crime must be advised of their right to remain silent and to have counsel present.
*Roe v. Wade - (1973)
Supreme Court established nat'l abortion guidelines; trimester guidelines; no state interference in 1st; state may regulate to protect health of mother in 2nd; state may regulate to protect health of unborn child in 3rd. Inferred from right of privacy established in Griswald v. Connecticut.
Griswold v. Connecticut - (1965)
The Supreme Court ruled that the Bill of Rights protects a right to privacy, even though it does not specifically say so, because of the due process clause of the 14th Amendment.
Betts v. Brady - (1942)
A Supreme Court case that denied counsel to indigent defendants when prosecuted by a state. Overruled later by Gideon v. Wainwright (1963).
Brown v. Board of Education - (1954)
This Supreme Court decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 which allowed state-sponsored segregation. This decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
Engel v. Vitale - (1957)
A Supreme Court case that determined that it is unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and encourage its recitation in public schools.
Escobedo v. Illinois - (1964)
Was a Supreme Court case holding that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment.
Katz v. US - (1967)
The Supreme court case that stopped electronic surveillance; this 1967 Supreme Court case prohibited illegal eavesdropping and extending the zone of privacy to include the home, office, person, and immediate public arena.
Stanley v. Georgia - (1969)
The Supreme Court held that states cannot prohibit a citizen from having obscene material for personal use
Yates v. US - (1957)
The Supreme Court ruled that the First Amendment protected radical and revolutionary speech, unless it posed a "clear and present danger". (overt action required) [Free Speech]
Anti-Epeonage Act of 1867
Makes it a federal crime to hold anyone in servitude or partial slavery, as to work off a debt or to serve a penal sentence.(not a supreme court case)
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