Graphic Design History

Basic history of graphic design
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Graphic design
The art of combining text and pictures in advertisements, magazines, books, etc.
Johann Gutenberg
German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)
Henry Cole
(English, 1808-1882), administrator
Leader of the Cole Group
Created the first christmas card 1843 and had a hand in the invention and design of the 1st postage stamp.
Great Exhibition (Crystal Palace Exhibition), London, 1851
(See also Session 6)
South Kensington Schools of Design, London, 1852+
South Kensington Museum, London, 1857
Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1899-1909
William Addison Dwiggins
• Specialized in book design
• Coined term graphic design
• 1922
London Underground
Frank Pick: art director (designed the logo) 1st underground railway, gave us the first corperate design responsibility.
Bauhaus
A Weimar (German) architectural school created by Walter Gropius which combined the fine arts and functionalism
Soviet constructivism
Movement in Russia that rejected the idea of "art for art's sake" in favour of art as a practice directed towards social purposes.
Visual arts
unique expressions of ideas, beliefs, experiences, and feelings presented in well-designed visual forms