Ancient Egypt

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Hatshepsut
She was a New Kingdom Pharaoh that took power when her husband died leaving her the guardian of his son, Thutmose III, a young child. She was the first female pharaoh. Hatshepsut claimed the throne for herself and the kingdom thrived under her rule because she focused on trade instead of war.
cataract
rock filled rapids
delta
A river delta is a land form that forms at the mouth of a river, where the river flows into an ocean. Deltas form from the deposit of sediment carried by the river as the flow leaves its mouth. It is triangular in shape.
silt
A mixture of rich, fertile soil left behind by flooded rivers like the Nile River in Egypt or the Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia.
Pharaoh
A king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader.
dynasty
A series of rulers from the same family
afterlife
the next life in which the Egyptians believed the dead would live again
mummy
(esp. in ancient Egypt) a body of a human being or animal that has been ceremonially preserved by removal of the internal organs, treatment with natron and resin, and wrapping in bandages.
pyramid
A large, triangular stone monument, used in Egypt and Nubia as a burial place for the King. The largest pyramids, erected during the Old Kingdom near Memphis with stone tools and a large labor force, reflect the Egyptian belief that the proper and spectacular burial of the divine ruler would guarantee the continued prosperity of the land.
Book of the Dead
Collection of religious spells which were thought to be helpful to the deceased in the afterlife.
polytheism
Belief in many gods
hieroglyph
An ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
papyrus
A reed that grows along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt. From it was produced a coarse, paperlike writing medium used by the Egyptians and many other peoples in the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East.
astronomer
A person who studies stars, planets, and other heavenly bodies. In ancient Egypt astronomers were able to predict when the Nile would flood and develop a calendar.
Jean Francois Champollion
French scholar who unlocked the Egyptian code of writing using the Rosetta Stone
Rosetta Stone
a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian that allowed historians to understand Egyptian writing.
Amon-Ra
an Egyptian god, consisting of Amon, a primeval sky-god, and Ra, the sun-god.
Osiris
Egyptian god of the underworld and judge of the dead
Isis
Goddess of motherhood and fertility; the husband of Osiris
Anubis
God of mummification and embalming; shown with the head of a jackal
Horus
Egyptian falcon-headed solar god
Seth
Osiris evil brother, cut Osiris up into 14 pieces and scattered them around Egypt and beyond.
Thoth
Was depicted as a man with the head of an ibis holding a writing palette. He was thought to be the god of wisdom and writing.
Egyptian Social Class
ancient Egypt had social classes based on wealth education and jobs.
Pharaoh and the Royal Family -- Nobles and Priests (Scribes) -- Merchants, Craftsmen, and Scribes -- Farmers -- Slaves.
Egyptian contributions
Some examples include: pyramids, mummies, papyrus, math, science & medicine.
- mummification helped learn about anatomy of human body, diagnose illnesses, perform surgeries.
- calendar
- hieroglyphics, papyrus,
- Building and design of the temples, pyramids, monuments, statues etc. required knowledge of complex math
The Nile River
This made the land of Egypt fertile; "the giver of life"; deposited rich, black silt after flooding.
Giza
An ancient Egyptian city; the site of the Great Pyramid
Thebes
Capital city of Egypt and home of the ruling dynasties during the Middle and New Kingdoms. Pharaohs were buried across the river in the Valley of the Kings.
Valley of the Kings
An area were many tombs where built after the great pyramids because it allowed for easier guarding and less grave robbery.
sphinx
one of a number of large stone statues with the body of a lion and the head of a man that were built by the ancient Egyptians

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.