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the moment when the angel Gabriel told Mary that she was to have a son was often depicted in Gothic, Renaissance and Counter-Reformation art


the contrasting effects of light and shade, employed by artists such as Leonardo and Rembrandt


The twisting torso of a figure placing most of its weight on one leg, much favored by Renaissance artists

Fetes Galantes

Baroque and Rococo depiction of charming pastoral scenes, often in a pastel palette


a technique which makes an object appear shorter and narrow as it recedes


A technique dating back to ancient Egypt, it involved applying pigment and water to a layer of wet plaster. when applied to dry plaster it is fresco secco

Genre Painting

most common in Holland in the 17th century, these paintings depict scenes of everyday life


thickly applied opaque paint which retains the brush marks


meaning "majesty", it describes paintings and altarpieces of the Virgin and Child surrounded by saints and angels


created by the Romans, this technique involves making images by assembling colored pieces of glass and stone in cement on floor or walls


italian for "pity": artworks representing the Madonna with the dead Christ in her arms

Sacra Conversazione

"Holy conversation", a representation of the Virgin and Child with saints in a separate scene.

Sotto In Su

"below upwards", this technique is usually associated with Baroque art. extreme foreshortening on ceiling decoration creates the illusion of floating figures in the space above the viewers head.


the most importnat technique for panel painting in the 13th-century Europe until oil painting was introduced. It involved mixing pigment with water and glue.


three pictures or carving hinged together to fold and protect the central image and ease carrying


"decieve the eye", details or paintings that have been created to trick the viewer into thinking the image is real


an image that has no clear border, allowing it to fade into the background


indicates three dimensions

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