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24 terms

Protein Synthesis & DNA

chromosome defects deformities differentiation division DNA encoded enzyme expressed external genes genetic heritable linked mutations polymer protein reactions, regulation repair replication sequence structural synthesis transferred
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chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
defects
a failing or deficiency
deformities
an appearance that has been spoiled or is misshapen
differentiation
(biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function
DNA
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix
encode
convert ordinary language into code
enzyme
any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
expressed
precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable
external
outward features
genes
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait
genetic
tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
heritable
that can be inherited
linked
connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks
mutations
change in the nucleotide sequence of DNA
polymer
a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
protein
A three-dimensional biological polymer constructed from a set of 20 different monomers called amino acids.
reactions
The elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
regulation
the act of controlling or directing according to rule
repair
the act of putting something in working order again
replication
the act of making copies
sequence
the action of following in order
structural
concerned with systematic structure in a particular field of study
synthesis
combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed
transferred
passed from one to another