American government lesson 6
Terms in this set (10)
The aggregate of individual attitudes or beliefs shared by some portion of adults. There is no one public opinion because there are many different publics.
The process where individuals acquire their political attitudes, often including their party identification through relationships: 1. Family 2. Educational environment 3. Peers
The set of beliefs and values regarding the political system that are widely shared by the citizens of a nation.
Individuals who believe that the government should intervene in the economy and support welfare programs for the disadvantaged
Feel that government has grown too large, that the private sector needs less interference from government, and that social welfare programs should be limited.
The percentage of citizens taking part in the election process, the actual number of eligible voters that actually "turnout" on election day to cost their ballot. Place in the bottom 20% compared to other countries.
What are the most important influences in the political socialization process
A. Family- the most pertinent force in political socialization. If both parents identify with a party, there is a strong livelihood that the children will begin with the same preference.
B. Education- generally, the more education a person receives, the more liberal his or her opinions become i.e. More tolerant of social change.
C. Economic statue- poorer people are more likely to favor government welfare programs but are likely to be conservative on social issues. The upper middle class is more likely to hold conservative economic views but to be tolerant of social change.
D. Religion, peers, political (wars) events.
What reasons are given for low voter turnout in a representative democratic government?
Explanations, apathy or satisfaction with status quo. Voter turnout in the US compared with that of other western democracies places the US in the bottom 20%
How do voters decide to vote for particular candidates and issues
2. Income and socio-economic status
4. Ethnic background
7. Geographic region
Note: the more education, more likely to vote.
8. Psychological factors - rooted in attitudes and beliefs held by voters 1) party identification, and other factors perception of candidate and issue preference .
What is political participation, and how can an individual take part in politics? - participation can be traditional, non-traditional or conventional
A. Traditional- voting, get involved with a campaign, putting up signs, phone work, etc.
B. Non-traditional or unconventional, picketing, sit-ins, chanting slogans outside and official's office.