American Government lesson 7
Terms in this set (10)
Any organizaton that actively attempts to influence government policy makers through direct and indirect methods.
Public interest group
The best interest of collective, overall community, the national good, rather than the narrow interests of self-serving group.
All those ways used to approach officials personally - lobbying, providing campaign assistance, publicizing ratings of political behavior.
Political action committee, based on 1974 federal election campaign act and to 1974 amendments - allows corporation, labor unions, and special interest organization groups to set up PAC's to use money for candidates or parties money must be raised from 50 donors and must be given to at least five candidates in the federal election - PAC's can contribute up to $5000 to each candidate.
Strategies that use the general public influence government, working through 3rd parties, advertisements in magazines, newspapers, mass mailings, demonstration, using constituents as lobbyists.
Attempts by organizations or individuals to influence the passage, defeat, or contents of legislation and administrative decision of government. One important way they make themselves valuable is providing information and expertise whenever asked.
Who are some of the most influential interest groups?
Business, agriculture, and labor note: formers receive $40 billion in subsides.
Why do interest groups have so much power?
High social status members, large membership/constituency, enormous economic resources, well organized.
What is the focus of American association of retired persons (AARP), and how does it try to influence government?
It was founded in 1958 to secure insurance for retired persons, it now provides endorsements and PAC money, polling information about issues, first rate research.
Why is the national rifle association a successful interest group?
It serves the needs of its membership.