Dance GCSE AQA - Theory

For people taking Dance GCSE especially during 2016/2017.
STUDY
PLAY
Action
What
Space
Where
Dynamics
How
Relationships
With whom/what
Types of actions
Elevation, Rotation, locomotion (travel), transference of weight, gesture, stillness, symmetrical, A - symmetrical
Personal space
The space around you.
Types of personal space
Levels, shape, size, facing
General space
The area in which the dance is performed.
Types of floor pathways
Linear (diagonal), zig zag, curved
Types of levels
Very high, high, medium, low, very low
Sustained dynamics
Slow, smooth, continuous, even
Percussive dynamics
Sudden, sharp, choppy, jagged
Swinging dynamics
Sway, to & fro, pendulum, under curve
Suspended dynamics
Stillness, balance, high point
Collapsed dynamics
Fall, release, relax
Vibratory dynamics
Shake, tremble, wiggle
Motif
A short phrase of movements that represents the style and/or meaning of the dance
Motif development
Adding moves and changing moves and manipulating the motif
Types of motif development
Change of levels, change of dynamics, retrograde, add, subtract or alter movement, change of size
Choreographic devices
Chosen by a choreographer to give dances depth of interest
Types of choreographic devices
Repetition, contrast, transitions, question and answer, climax, canon, counterpoint, beginning and end, highlight, complimentary
Climax
The high point of the dance
Accompaniment
The music or sound that the audience hear when seeing the movement
Types of accompaniment
Music, sound, silence, voice
Types of sound
Found sound and natural sound
Found sound
Sound that is created by nature, wind, rain
Effects on different types of accompaniment
Sets the mood, gives the dance a structure, gives a relationship between the dance and the theme
Binary
2 sections that are different from each other
Ternary
3 sections that are different from each other
Rondo
1 section is repeated throughout
Theme and variation
Each section is a development of the original phrase
Episodic
Different sections based on one theme
Narrative
Tells a continuous story
Types of dance forms/structures
Binary, ternary, rondo, theme and variation, episodic, narrative
Types of set designs
Proscenium, realistic, site specific, abstract
Proscenium
Traditional stage setting with the audience in front
Advantages of proscenium
Plenty of space to dance in, the backdrop that can be changed to allow for different scenes, there is a more versatile space
Disadvantages of proscenium
Costly to hire venue, levels can be limited, view for audience is limited
Site specific
Where choreographer chooses a specific place
Advantages of site specific
Don't have to pay for hire, interesting place, dancers interact with space, help communicate the dance idea
Disadvantage of site specific
Environment implications
In-the-round
The audience is all around them
Advantage of in-the-round
Quite intimate
Disadvantages of in-the-round
Harder to choreograph, backs to the audience, costs money to hire theatre
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