66 terms

Chapter 3 The Colonies Take Root

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Monarchy
a type of government where there is a king or queen incharge
Parliment
-limits what the king or queen can do
-England's lawmaking body
Rights of Englishmen
-cannot have a punishment without a trial
-has a right to trial by jury
-the king cannot compose taxes on them
The Lost Colony
-Second colony established in 1587
-90 men, 17 women, 11 children
-the governor John White
-his granddaughter, Virginia Dare, is the first English person born here
John White
governor of the colony near present-day Manteo, known as " The Lost Colony"
-his granddaughter was the first to be born in the "Lost Colony"
Jamestown
-Virginia Company of London
finances the trip to Virgina
Jamestown
-Charter
document issued by a government that grants specific rights to a person or company
-King James gave it to them
Jamestown
-John Smith
-former solider, so he new how to survive
-shackled under deck because they are afraid that he is going to cause mutiny
-had a good relationship with Powhatan
-injured by a gunpowder burn
-elected "president" of the local council in Jamestown in 1608
-injured during the starving time
Jamestown
-The Starving Time
-Smith was gone, so they had a bad relationship with Powhatan
-The Indians refused to give the Indians food, so they did not have enough food to eat
-Lord De La Warr is governor after this time period
-have to commit cannibalization
-only 60 colonists remain alive
Jamestown
-Lord De La Warr
-new governor of Jamestown because John Smith left, which was after the starving time
-makes the colonists turn around and go back to Jamestown instead of going home
John Rolfe
-Tabacco
-Allows colony to improve and make economic gains
-introduces tobacco farming to the Jamestown colony in 1612
House of Burgesses
-pass laws
-set taxes
-shares power with the Virginia
-elected in 1619, this was the first elected representative government in North America
Arrival of Africans in Jamestown
-sold as slaves
-will not be enslaved for there whole lives
-could earn freedom
-also called in indentured
Plymouth Colony
-Separatists
-wanted to separate from the Church of England
-sailed on a ship called the Mayflower
Plymouth Colony
-Mayflower Compact
Called for a government that would make and follow just and equal laws, election of officeholders by the colony's adult males (representative government)
Plymouth Colony
-William Bradford
-governor of the colony
-helps write the Mayflower Compact
-wanted to change the Anglican Church
The Puritans
-Massachusetts Bay Colony
-Boston is the main city
-had NO religious tolerance
-leads to the founding of the other colonies
-started by separates
The Puritans
-John Winthrop
-leads Puritans
-famous quote said by John Winthrop-- "City upon a hill."
The Puritans
-General court
-an elected assembly
-Puritans -->meets in Boston
The Puritans
-Roger Williams
-minister of the Puritan church in Salem, Massachusetts, believed Puritans SHOULD SPLIT ENTIRELY FROM THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND
-criticized colonists who seized Native American land without paying for it
The Puritans
-Rhode Island Colony
- Roger Williams is the governor
-Religious freedom (Jewish Faith)
-charter to govern themselves or self-government/representative
The Puritans
-Anne Hutchinson
-Boston women
-mother of 15
-questions Puritan teaching
-tried and expelled from Massachuttes Bay Colony
-establishes settlement in Rhode Island
-killed by Native Americans
The Puritans
-Thomas Hooker
-puritan minister who disagrees with puritan leaders
-leaves with 100 men and settles in present day Connecticut
-receives official CHARTER
-Religious Tolerance
King Charles 1
-
Town halls
an assembly of townspeople that decides local laws
King Phillip/Metacom
-Chief of Wampoang Indians
-leads an uprising against Puritan settlers
-captured and killed
King Phillips War
-war lead by king Phillip
-about 3,500 people were killed
-lasted a year
- Was very distructive an violent
New Netherlands
-Began as a Dutch colony
-Good for farming
-Small Population
New Jersey
-Established 1665
-Part of southern New York, but was split off to form a new colony
Pennsylvania
-William Penn
-Friend of King Charles II
-He used connections with King to get a charter for a new colony in North America
Pennsylvania
-Quakers
-They believe all people have a direct link with God so they don't need a minister
-All people are equal in God's eyes
-They were the first people to speak out against slavery
Pennsylvania
-Holy Experiment
-The goal was to create a colony where people of different religious backgrounds could live together peacfully
Pennsylvania
-Frame of government for Pennsylvania
-Elected assembly
-Freedom of religion
Delaware
-First settlers from Sweden
-Own representative assembly
-Colony in 1704
Wheat
- #1 Cash crop
Back country
Frontier region extending west through several colonies from Pennsylvania to Georgia
Great wagon road
Named for all the settlers moving south to west from Pennsylvania into Georgia in covered wagons
Virginia
- Anglo-Powhatan Wars
Started by Opecancanough, brother of Chief Powhatan
Virginia
-Opecancanough
-brother of Chief Powhatan
-enslaves many English colonies
Virginia
-Bacon's rebellion
-leads frontier settlers in a revolt against Berkeley and the Native Americans
Maryland
-George Calvert
-an English Catholic, who
-set up a colony in North America
Maryland
-Cecil Calvert
-George Calvert's son
-also called Lord Baltimore
Maryland
-Catholic
-could live without being persecuted for there faith
Maryland
-Religious tolerance
-could have any religion without being persecuted
Maryland
-Act of Tolerance
-ALL CATHOLICS ARE WELCOMED IN MARYLAND

-HUGE STEP TOWARD RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE IN NORTH AMERICA
The Carolinas
-rice and sugar
help South Carolina grow quicker than North America
The Carolinas
-Reliogious tolerance
-you can live there with any religion
The Carolinas
-Charles Town/Charleston
-capitol
-biggest city
Georgia
-James Oglethorope
-wealthy Englishman
-wanted no protection for any one who was a debtors
Georgia
-debtors
-people who owe money
Georgia
-slavery in Georgia
-Banned until 1750's until it became legal
Tidewater Regions of Southern Colines
-Mason-Dixon line
-good farming
Backcountry in Southern Colines
-cut off from the coast by poor roads and long distances
- farming was not good
Spanish Florida
-St. Augustine
FIRST PERMANENT EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT IN PRESENT DAY UNITED STATES
Spanish Borderland
-Borderlands
-lands along the frontier
-function: protect Mexico from other European powers
New Mexico
-Juan De Onate
-lead expedition
-goals: Find gold and convert Native Americans
New Mexico
-horses
-Juan De Onate brought 300
-had Natives care for them
-changes Native Americans lives in this region
New Mexico
-Santa Fe
SPAIN'S
FIRS
PERMANENT
SETTLEMENT
IN
THIS
REGION
IMFORTANT
Santa Fe
JUAN DE ONATE
SANTA FE HORSES
Texas
-Father Eusebio Francisco Kino
-converts Native Americans to Christisnty
Texas
-San Antonio
-Father Eusebio Francisco Kino was not able to convert thia region
California
-Blessed Junipero Serra
- went on a mission to here
- now a saint
California
-Missions
-many religious parties going to a religious/holy place
California
-Presidos
- military post to defend missions
California
-Pueblos
-civilian towns
California
-Life in Spanish Missions
-Native Americans
- worked 5-6 days a week and 5-8 hours per a day
-no control of there own lives
-beaten and harsh punishments if you broke a mission rule