The world's first system of writing. (Could also represent syllables or basic parts of words.) (Sumerians could combine symbols to express complex ideas such as joy or power.) (First used to keep business records.)
Invented the world's first writing system.
Picture symbols. (Each represented an object, such as a tree or an animal.)
Writer (Way to move up in social class)
Long poems that tell the stories of heroes.
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The world's oldest epic carved on stone tablets. The story of a legendary Sumerian king.
One of the Sumerians' most important developments.
Device that spins clay as a craftsperson shapes it into a bowl.
Another Sumerian invention. Pulled by oxen, broke through hard clay soil to prepare it for planting. Increased farm production.
-Sewer under streets -Bronze to make stronger tools and weapons -Makeup and glass jewelry
Sumerians developed a system based on the number 60. 360 degree circle. 12 month year.
Wrote long lists to record study of natural world. Names of animals, plants, minerals.
Used ingredients from animals, plants, and minerals to produce healing drugs.
The science of building.
Bricks made of mud were the main building blocks.
A pyramid shaped temple tower. (City centers were dominated by their temples, the largest and most impressive buildings in Sumer.)(Sumerians were the first people in Mesopotamia to build large temples).
Sumer's most famous works of art. (Carved into round stone and then rolled over clay to leave their marks.) (People used them to "sign" documents.)
Stringed muscial instuments
Conquered Mesopotamia and created a code of law.
Built a trading society in the eastern Mediterranean region.
City located on the Euphates River near what is today Baghdad, Iraq.
A ruler of a kingdom or empire.
A set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life. (Laws on trade, loans, marriage, injury, murder.) (Specific crimes brough specific penalties.) (Social class mattered for penalties.) (Written down for all to see.)
A brilliant war leader. He was able to govern a huge empire - babylonian Empire.