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AP Human Geography Migration Key Issue 2
Chapter 3 Key Issue 2 Rubenstein's The Cultural Landscape 10 Edition
Terms in this set (76)
Asia, Latin America, and Africa
What three continents have a net out-migration?
North America, Europe, and Oceania
What three continents have a net in-migration?
Asia to Europe, Asia to North America, and from Latin America to North America
What are the three largest flows of migration?
Importance of migration from LDCs to MDCs
What do the current migration patterns reflect?
How many foreign-born residents are in the US as of 2010?
How many foreign born immigrants enter the US annually?
Australia and Canada
What less populous MDCs have higher rates of net in-migration that the US?
Petroleum-exporting countries of the Middle East
Where can the highest rates of net in-migration be found?
Poorer Middle Eastern countries and Asia
Where are many Middle Eastern immigrants from?
How many people migrated to the US between 1820 and 2010?
How many main eras of immigration did the US have?
Initial settlement of colonies, 1607-1840
When was the first era of US immigration?
Nineteenth-century migration from Europe
When was the second era of US immigration?
Recent immigration from LDCs, 1970s-today
When was the third era of US immigration?
Rapid population growth
What limited prospects for economic advancement at home for immigrants?
Europe and Africa
Immigration to the American colonies and newly independent US came from which two principal regions?
About how many Europeans migrated to the American colonies before they were independent?
90% of European immigrants prior to 1840 came from where?
About how many Africans were shipped as slaves to the 13 colonies?
When was the importation of Africans for slavery made illegal?
How many Africans were shipped to the colonies in the half-century after it was illegal?
How many immigrants has Germany sent to the US?
How many immigrants has the UK sent to the US?
How many immigrants has Ireland sent to the US?
How many immigrants has Russia and the former Soviet Union sent to the US?
Changing national borders
What factor makes precise national counts of immigrants impossible?
1840s-1850s, 1870s, 1880s, and 1990-1914
When were the big peaks in European migration?
1840s and 1850s
When did annual US immigration jump from 20,000 to 200,000?
1840s and 1850s
When did 3/4 of all US immigrants come from Ireland and Germany?
Economic pulls and political instability
Why did Germans and Irish migrate to the US in the 1840s and 1850s?
When did emigration from Western Europe resume after the US Civil War?
When did immigration increase to 1/2 million per year?
When were Scandinavians (especially Swedes and Norwegians) increasingly migrating to the US?
Why the sudden increase in Scandinavians migrating to the US in the 1880s?
When did migration jump to nearly a million annually?
When were 2/3 of all immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe?
1930s and 1940s, during the Great Depression
When did immigration into the US drop sharply?
Asia and Latin America
More than 3/4 of recent US immigrants come from what regions?
China, India, Philippines
What are the 3 Asain countries with highest US immigration?
What country has sent the most immigrants to the US?
1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act
Why did an unusually large number of immigrants come from Mexico in the early 1990s?
When did Mexico officially surpass Germany for country with the most US immigrants?
WW1 in 1914
When did the era of mass migration to the US from Europe end?
Rapid population growth
What fueled emigration in Europe?
Public health, medicine, and food
What new technologies were induced by the industrial revolution in Europe?
Economic and social benefits
People who remained in Europe gained what from the industrial revolution?
How many total Europeans have emigrated?
Because of European emigration, what languages are now spoken around the world?
North America and Australia
What regions were sparsely inhabited prior to European influence?
Went to regions with large indigenous populations
How did European migration start conflict?
Africa and Asia
What continents had strong indigenous populations when Europeans immigrated?
Raising crops and extracting resources
Economics in Africa and Asia became based on __________ for export to Europe rather than local use
Practices by European immigrants
Many of today's conflicts in former European colonies result from past ______
The number of people allowed to immigrate into the US is at a _____ level
Pew Hispanic Center
Who estimated 11.9 million unauthorized immigrants were in the US in 2008?
The Pew Hispanic Center stated how many unauthorized citizens lived in the US in 2008?
What percentage of unauthorized immigrants came from Mexico?
What percentage of unauthorized immigrants came from countries in Latin America aside from Mexico?
What percentage of unauthorized immigrants are from asia?
How many adult males did the Pew Hispanic Center's 2008 estimate include?
How many adult females did the Pew Hispanic Center's 2008 estimate include?
How many children did the Pew Hispanic Center's 2008 estimate include?
According to the Pew Hispanic Center, how many of the 11.9 million unauthorized immigrants are employed?
What percentage of the American work force do unauthorized immigrants make up?
About how much of the Mexico/American border has a barrier?
1/5 of immigrants are in what state?
New York Metropolitan Area
1/6 of immigrants are in what area?
1/4 unauthorized immigrants are in what state?
Mexico to California
50,000+ migrated from where to where in 2008?
Mexico, China, India, Philippines, and Vietnam
What countries sent between 10,000-50,000 immigrants to California?
California and New York
Between 10,000 to 50,000 immigrants migrated from china to what states?
China and Dominican Republic
What countries had between 10,000 to 50,000 immigrants sent to New York?
Colombia, Cuba, and Haiti
What countries had between 10,000 and 50,000 immigrants enter Florida?
California, Texas, and Florida
What three states have the highest amounts of unauthorized immigrants?
More rapid growth in jobs
Why do the South and West regions of the US attract a large percentage of immigrants?
What region of the US have immigrants recently migrated to in order to take industrial jobs?
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