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Art History 2 18th and 19th Century
Terms in this set (60)
rooms that held large events entertaining guest that held large pieces of art
something awe inspiring- concept, thing or state of greatness with high spiritual, moral, or emotional value (Romanticism)
An intellectual movement that stressed emotion, sentiment, and individualism. A reaction to rationalism and the classical revival. shows a lot of violence
observational, awe inspiring nature, God inspiring creation
Period in france where the bourgeoisie class was dominant and king Louis-Philippe was at the head of a constitutional monarchy. the monarchy eventually became too rigid and unwilling to change and was overthrown.
Also known as the Age of Reason or the Enlightenment, Neoclassicism describes a period in European history spanning the end of the seventeenth century through 1800. The period is marked by a revival of interest in classical forms of literary and artistic expression, emphasizing a return to order, logic, proportion, restraint, accuracy, and decorum.
trip around major European capitals to complete an aristocratic son's education; often for pleasure
a school of painters who used a technique of painting with tiny dots of pure colors that would blend in the viewer's eye
French fascination with Japanese art. Especially influential in impressionism and post-impressionism.
An elevated style of painting popular in the eighteenth century in which the artist looked to the ancients and to the Renaissance for inspiration; for portraits as well as history painting, the artist would adopt the poses, compositions, and attitudes of the Renaissance and antique models.
Paintings based on historical, mythological, or biblical narratives. Once considered the noblest form of art, history paintings generally convey a high moral or intellectual idea and are often painted in a grand pictorial style.
An elegant and graceful outdoor celebration, such as those seen in the picnics and flirtatious games often represented in the works of Antoine Watteau (French, 1684-1721) and other Rococo painters of French aristocratic life.
A French political leader of the eighteenth century. A Jacobin, he was one of the most radical leaders of the French Revolution. He was in charge of the government during the Reign of Terror, when thousands of persons were executed without trial. After a public reaction against his extreme policies, he was executed without trial.
any art that does not represent observed aspect of nature or transform visible form into a stylized image
new, unusual, and experimental, especially as related to the arts; innovative
emphasizes the life of the mind and feelings rather than the realistic external details of everyday life
primary and secondary color combinations that are directly opposite from each other on the color wheel
An 18th-century European movement in which thinkers attempted to apply the principles of reason and the scientific method to all aspects of society
Prix de Rome
France's most coveted award for young composers is called the ____________. This award conferred a four-year living stipend and two years residency at the Villa Medici in Rome.
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
Painterly brush strokes (brush strokes can be seen in final piece). The painting can look unfinished and still be finished
Fin de Siecle
relating to or characteristic of the end of a century (especially the end of the 19th century)
the imperial government of Napoleon III in France from 1852-1870. The rebuilding of Paris
Crossed the Saint Bernard, had the Royal family killed, This was a military leader that took control of France in 1800, establishing an empire over the next two decades.
Napoleon I's nephew; consolidated conservative government and the ideals of nationalism
An artistic and cultural style that grew out of the Baroque style but that was more intimate and personal and that emphasized the frivolous and superficial side of aristocratic life., lavish often lighthearted decoration with an emphasis on pastel colors and the play of light, playful
French painter whose work influenced the impressionists (1832-1883)
Sometimes known as the "Father of Impressionism"
Not an Impressionist
..., French impressionist painter (1840-1926). Landscape painter. "Impression, Sunrise" a painter of the outdoors.
(1822-1899) Most celebrated woman artist of 19th century and famous for realistic animal paintings "The Horse Fair".
Sometimes dressed as a man to gain access to certain events
Realism, was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting; started and dominated it; "show me an angel and i'll paint one" radical thinker. The Stone Breakers
Romantic artist. One of the more classically-inclined of the French Romantics. Subjects are often classical (or portraits). Look like low-relief sculptures.
Madame de Pompadour
This mistress and friend of Louis XV was an important adviser to the king who enjoyed a great deal of informal political influence at court in the mid-1700s -- She became involved in military and foreign affairs, and patronized artists and writers (including Voltaire)
Rococo artist. "Mounds of pink flesh." Sensual paintings of (mainly) nude mythological figures.
Known for painting exposed bottoms of the odalisque
REALISM: made lithographs, defender of the urban working class.PAINTED: Rue Trasnonia, Nadar raising photography to the height of art, and the third class carriage
a planographic printmaking technique based on the antipathy of oil and water. The image is drawn with a grease crayon or painted with tusche on a stone or grained aluminum plate. The surface is then chemically treated and dampened so that it will accept ink only where the crayon or tusche has been used.
the originator and most famous artist of the Rococo Style. Painted elegant outdoor entertainment of the upper class
French artist whose rococo paintings typified the frivolity of life in the royal court of France in the 18th century (1732-1806). The swing
was famous for her paintings of Queen Marie Antoinette. Mainly painting the poor and middle class
This French painter was important to French Romantic art. He often used his painting to convey a political message, and he is best known for his painting depicting the socialist revolution of 1830: Liberty Leading the People. He memoralized the July Monarchy
painted The Disasters of War that depicted the atrocities of the Napoleonic invasion
thick application of paint
was a female, usually a slave, from a turkish harem
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
The term used to describe the stylistically heterogeneous work of the group of late-19th-century painters in France, including van Gogh, Gauguin, Seurat, and Cézanne, who more systematically examined the properties and expressive qualities of line, pattern, form, and color than the Impressionists did. Work is very tightly controlled
the colors in a painting do not have to reflect the real colors of nature
an artistic movement in the late 19th century that tried to express abstract or mystical ideas through the symbolic use of images
In literature, Symbolism was an aesthetic movement that encouraged writers to express their ideas, feelings, and values by means of symbols or suggestions rather than by direct statements. Symbolist writers, in reaction to earlier 19th-century trends (the romanticism of novelists such as Victor Hugo, the realism and naturalism of Gustave Flaubert and Émile Zola), proclaimed that the imagination was the true interpreter of reality.
Salon Des Refuses
A famous exhibition in 1863, the 'Salon des Refuses', was commissioned by Napoleon III, the French Emperor, as a recourse for artists who had their works denied entry into the Academie des Beaux-Arts' annual 'Salon de Paris' that year. Amongst the mediocre rejects displayed, a few gems made their debut - including Manet's "Le Dejeuner sur 'Herbe" and Whistler's "Symphony in White, No. 1".
A 19th century artistic movement in which writers and painters sought to show life as it is rather than life as it should be
An association of French landscape painters, c. 1840-70, who lived in the village of Barbizon and who painted directly from nature. Theodore Rousseau was a leader; Corot and Millet were also associated with the group.
An artistic movement that sought to capture a momentary feel, or impression, of the piece they were drawing
Reign of Terror
This was the period in France where Robespierre ruled and used revolutionary terror to solidify the home front. He tried rebels and they were all judged severely and most were executed
very radical French revolutionary party responsible for Reign of Terror and execution of king
painting in the outdoors to directly capture the effects of light and atmosphere on a given object
The style of painted or sculptured representation based on close observation of the natural world that was at the core of the classical tradition
An art movement characterized by the deliberate departure from tradition and the use of innovative forms of expression that distinguish many styles in the arts and literature of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
An 1890s style in architecture, graphic arts, and interior decoration characterized by writhing forms, curving lines, and asymmetrical organization. Some critics regard the style as the first stage of modern architecture. Inspiration from nature
King of France-executed for treason by the National Convention-absolute monarch-husband of Marie Antoinette.
an expressionist painter from Norway, who created the famous painting "The Scream." He and his family were plagued with multiple misfortunes, which ultimately shaped Munch's works which explored life, death, and other angsty subjects characteristic of other expressionist art.
Female Impressionist artist that drew "Young Girl By The Window"
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