How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

74 terms

One-Liners: Anatomy: Extremities

LECOM Bradenton One-Liners Anatomy - Upper and Lower Extremities
STUDY
PLAY
Most frequently fractured bone of body
Clavicle
Most frequently dislocated carpal bone
Lunate
Most frequently fracture carpal bone
Scaphoid
Osseous structure palpated deep to "anatomical snuff box"
Scaphoid
Fracture of distal radius that produces "dinner fork" appearance
Colle's fracture
Nerve injured with fracture of surgical neck of humerus
Axillary
Nerve injured with fracture of shaft of humerus
Radial
Nerve injured that results in wrist drop
Radial
Nerve injured with fracture of medial humeral epicondyle
Ulnar
Muscle that is the chief flexor and chief extensor at shoulder joint
Deltoid
Muscles innervated by axillary nerve
Deltoid and teres minor
Muscle that initiates abduction of arm
Supraspinatus
Most commonly torn tendon of rotator cuff
Supraspinatus
Two muscles that rotate scapula for full abduction of arm
Trapezius and serratus anterior
Tendon that courses through shoulder joint
Long head of biceps
Chief supinator muscle of hand
Biceps brachii
Primary (major) flexor of the forearm
Brachialis
Orientation of structures located in the cubital fossa-Lateral to Medial
Tendon biceps brachii, brachial a., median n.
Injury to what nerve causes winged scapula
Long thoracic nerve
Spinal levels of axillary nerve
C5 and C6
Spinal levels of innervation to muscles of the hand
C8 and T1
Dermatome of thumb
C6
Nerve to thenar compartment
Recurrent branch of Median
Innervation of adductor pollicis
Ulnar (deep br.)
Innervation to all interosseous muscles
Ulnar (deep br.)
Innervation to nail bed of middle finger
Median nerve
Innervation to nail bed of ring finger
Ulnar and median
Region affected by upper trunk injury of brachial plexus (C5-C6)
Shoulder
Region affected by lower trunk injury of brachial plexus (C8-T1)
Intrinsic hand muscles
Nerve compressed with carpal tunnel syndrome
Median
Nerve affected by cubital tunnel syndrome
Ulnar
Paralysis of which muscles results in total "claw" hand
Lumbricals
Boundaries of femoral triangle
Inguinal ligament, sartorius, adductor longus
Structure immediately lateral to femoral sheath
Femoral nerve
Structure immediately medial to femoral artery in femoral sheath
Femoral vein
Contents of femoral canal
Deep inguinal lymph nodes
Medial boundary of femoral ring
Lacunar ligament
Structures that course throughout entire length of adductor canal
Femoral artery and vein
Structures that course through only portion of adductor canal
Saphenous nerve, nerve to vastus medialis, descending genicular vessels
Muscle that forms floor of popliteal fossa
Popliteus
Muscle that is chief flexor at hip joint
Iliopsoas
Muscle that prevents pelvis from tilting when walking
Gluteus medius
Nerve affected when pelvis tilts to unsupported side during gait
Superior gluteal n.
Muscles which extend the thigh and flex the leg
Hamstrings
Muscle that extends leg
Quadriceps femoris
Specific muscle that holds patella in place
Vastus medialis
First portion of quadriceps femoris to atrophy with injury to femoral nerve
Vastus medialis
Last portion of quadriceps femoris to recover following injury
Vastus medialis
Muscle that unlocks knee joint
Popliteus
Muscle affected with "foot slap"
Tibialis anterior
Major spinal cord level of nerve affected causing foot slap
L4
Chief invertors of foot
Tibialis anterior and posterior
Chief evertors of foot
Fibularis longus and brevis
Ligament that checks backward displacement of femur on tibia
Anterior cruciate
Ligament laxity with positive valgus maneuver
Medial collateral
Most commonly injured ankle ligament
Anterior talofibular
Ligament stretched with "flat foot"
Plantar calcaneonavicular (spring)
Joints for movements of inversion and eversion
Subtalar and transverse Tarsal
Major artery to head of femur in adult
Medial femoral circumflex
Nerve affected with fracture of head and neck of fibula
Common fibular
Tendon affected with avulsion fracture of 5th metatarsal
Fibularis brevis
Innervation of adductor magnus
Obturator, tibial portion of Sciatic
Nerve affected with tarsal tunnel syndrome
Tibial
Cutaneous innervation to medial side of foot
Saphenous (L4)
Cutaneous innervation to lateral side of foot
Sural (S1)
Cutaneous innervation of heel
Tibial
Cutaneous innervation to dorsal aspect of web between toes 1 and 2
Deep fibular
Cutaneous innervation of most of dorsum of foot
Superficial fibular
Major dermatome to big toe
L4
Dermatome to small toe
S1
Spinal level of patellar reflex
L4
Spinal level of Achilles reflex
S1
Locking of knee when walking suggests
Meniscus injury
Major injury triad with lateral impact to knee
Medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate ligament