40 terms

Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Workshop Level G Units 7-8

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allay
to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve
synonyms: reduce, alleviate, moderate
antonyms: aggravate, exacerbate, intensify
bestial
beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility
synonyms: animal, depraved, loathsome
antonyms: human, humane, clement,virtuous, upright
convivial
festive, sociable, having fun together, genial
synonyms: fun-loving, jovial, merry
antonyms: dour, grim, sullen, unsociable
coterie
a circle of acquaintances; a close-knit, often exclusive, group of people with a common interest
synonyms: clique, set
counterpart
a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement
synonym: match
demur
to object or take exception to; an objective
synonyms: protest, object to
antonyms: assent to, consent to, accept, agree to
effrontery
shameless boldness, impudence
synonyms: gall, chutzpah, nerve, impertinence, cheek
antonyms: shyness, diffidence, timidity
embellish
to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details
synonyms: ornament, garnish
antonyms: strip, mar, disfigure
ephemeral
lasting only a short time, short-lived
synonyms: fleeting, transient, evanescent, transitory
antonyms: durable, long-lasting, permanent, perpetual
felicitous
appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy
synonyms: fortunate, well-put
antonyms: inappropriate, inept, graceless, unhappy
furtive
done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen
synonyms: clandestine, covert, surreptitious
antonyms: forthright, aboveboard, open
garish
glaring; tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way
synonyms: gaudy, flashy, tawdry
antonyms: subdued, muted, understated, quiet
illusory
misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality
synonyms: specious, spurious, fanciful, imaginary
antonyms: actual, real, factual, objective
indigent
needy, impoverished
synonyms: penniless, poverty-stricken, destitute
antonyms: wealthy, affluent, prosperous
inordinate
far too great, exceeding the reasonable limits, excessive
synonyms: exorbitant, extravagant
antonyms: moderate, reasonable, equitable
jettison
to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome
synonyms: cast off, discard, dump, junk, abandon
antonyms: conserve, retain, hold on to, keep
misanthrope
a person who hates or despises people
synonym: people-hater
pertinacious
very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or a set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or denied
synonyms: stubborn, dogged, determined
picayune
of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded
synonyms: inconsequential, piddling, trifling
antonyms: important, significant, huge gigantic
raiment
clothing, garments
synonyms: apparel, attire
allege
to assert without proof or confirmation
synonyms: claim, contend
antonyms: prove, deny
arrant
thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant
synonyms: egregious, unmitigated
badinage
light and playful conversation
synonyms: banter, persiflage, repartee
antonym: sermon
conciliate
to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
synonyms: placate, mollify, propitiate
antonyms: antagonize, alienate, estrange
countermand
to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first
synonyms: recall, revoke
antonyms: reaffirm, reassert
echelon
one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement
synonyms: level, rank
exacerbate
to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful
synonyms: aggravate, intensify, worsen
antonyms: alleviate, mitigate, ameliorate
fatuous
stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
synonyms: silly, vapid, inane, doltish, vacuous
antonyms: sensible, intelligent, perceptive, bright
irrefutable
impossible to disprove; beyond argument
synonyms: indisputable, incontrovertible, undeniable
antonyms: disputable, indefensible, untenable
juggernaut
a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path
lackadaisical
lacking spirit or interest; halfhearted
synonyms: listless, indolent, indifferent, lax
antonyms: energetic, vigorous, wholehearted
litany
a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
synonyms: rigmarole, catalog, megillah
macabre
grisly, gruesome; horrible, distressing; having death as a subject
synonyms: grotesque, grim, ghoulish
paucity
an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
synonym: lack
antonyms: abundance, glut, plenitude, deluge
portend
to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen, to give advance warning of
synonyms: bode, foretell, foreshadow, suggest
raze
to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off or out
synonyms: pull down, demolish, shave off
antonyms: build, construct, raise, erect
recant
to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previously been committed; renounce, retract
synonyms: repudiate, disavow
antonyms: reaffirm, reassert
saturate
to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
synonyms: permeate, drench, flood, imbue
antonyms: drain
saturnine
of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in a mood
synonyms: sullen, morose
antonyms: lighthearted, cheerful, vivacious
slough
to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod as if through mud; a mire; a state of depression
synonyms: shed, slog
antonyms: take on, acquire, assume
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