The individual's reaction to stressful events, including his/her own temporary distresses, deliberate or scripted. If the individual reacts with
little awareness or deliberate choice, he/she would probably behave with scripted coping responses. Many people cope in the same ways as their
parents without realizing it, handling stressful events much like they did as children. Others respond with thoughtfulness and intention - with deliberate coping responses (Billings & Moos, 1981; Holroyd &Lazarus,
1982; Krohne, 1986).