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Paschal Mystery Chapter 5
Terms in this set (36)
The word martyr means "witness." Martyrdom applies to a person who bears witness to the truth of his or her faith even unto death. Jesus died the death of a faithful martyr. St. Stephen is recognized as the first Christian martyr.
Unfounded prejudice against the Jewish people.
The seventy-one member supreme legislative and judicial body of the Jewish people. Many of its members were Sadducees.
The name for the four separate accounts of the Passion of Christ. The passion narratives of the Synoptic Gospels follow a general literary and thematic plan. The passion narrative of John's Gospel provides an independent version.
In Jewish history, the priest in charge of the Temple worship. The high priest shared in the general priestly duties, however, he was the only one allowed to enter the holy of the holies, and only then on the Day of Atonement. He was a descendent of Aaron.
Why did Jesus die?
Page 111&113; God proves his love for us in that while we were still sinners Christ died for us; Jesus died for our sins. "Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures." By his Passion and Death, Jesus showed us the depth of God's love, which desires the Salvation of all people.
What was the method of capital punishment used by the Romans? What was the method of capital punishment used by the Jews during Jesus' time?
Page 113; Jesus died by crucifixion, a punishment the Romans used mainly for slaves and revolutionaries. In contrast, the Jewish method of capital punishment was by stoning.
Why did Pontius Pilate crucify Jesus?
Page 113; Pontius Pilate condemned Jesus to death after hearing charges against him and examining him in a hearing.
Name three factors that led some Jewish opponents of Jesus to conspire against him.
1. Jesus defended himself by sharing the parable of the lost or prodigal son, justifying his behavior by showing that he and his father are compassionate like the loving father in the parable.
Why is it wrong to blame the Jewish people for the death of Jesus Christ?
Page 115; The complex trial of Jesus shows that only a few Jewish officials were in cohort with Pilate, who ultimately put Jesus to death. The real authors and instruments of Jesus' crucifixion are sinners, that is, each of us. Blaming the Jews as a people for Jesus' death is a form of anti-Semitism.
How are all people implicated in the death of Jesus?
Page 115; We believers crucify Jesus every time we betray him through our sins. It is for our sins that Jesus died.
List five Old Testament prophecies that are fulfilled in Jesus' Passion narratives.
The offer of wine
The division of Jesus' garments
The presence of two robbers
The reactions of the mockers
Jesus' final prayer
The offer of vinegar
The loud cry of Jesus
The tearing of the temple
Describe the different theological emphases in the passion narratives of Mark, Matthew, Luke, and John.
Page 117&119; The Gospels of Matthew and Mark stress elements of abandonment but also vindication at the end.
Luke's Gospel presents the disciples in a more favorable light.
The passion narrative in John describes Jesus in control of the events.
Trace the itinerary of Jesus from the Last Supper to the time of his crucifixion.
Page 119; The events of our Salvation are part of God's eternal plan. Jesus said, "the Son of Man did not come to be served but to serve and give his life as ransom for many.
What was the Jewish method of execution in biblical times?
Page 113; In contrast to the Romans, the Jewish method of capital punishment was by stoning.
Who was Pontius Pilate?
Page 113; Pontius Pilate, governor or prefect of Judea, in the year AD 30 condemned Jesus to death after hearing charges against him and examining him in a hearing.
Who was Joseph Caiaphas?
Page 115; The chief priest, Joseph Caiphas, and members of the Jewish ruling body, the Sanhedrin, has an economic and religious interest in the Temple.
When are the events of the Paschal Mystery most commemorated liturgically?
Page Holy Week.
In Mark's crucifixion scene, who says "Truly this man was the Son of God!"?
Page A Roman centurion
Which Gospel passion narrative shows Jesus in control of the events?
Who betrays Jesus for thirty pieces of silver?
Page 121; a Judas Iscariot betrays Jesus for thirty pieces of silver.
What sacrament did Jesus institute at the Last Supper?
In Luke, what was the name of the tetrarch of Galilee that Pilate sent Jesus to?
Who was the criminal released instead of Jesus?
Page 123; Barabbas
Who helped Jesus carry the cross?
Simon and Cyrene
What inscription was written on the cross of Jesus?
What was Jesus reciting when he says, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"
The first lines of Psalms 22
Who did not abandon Jesus when he was crucified?
Mary Magdalene; Mary the mother
Who were the two men who buried Jesus?
Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus.
What events are the high point of human history?
Jesus Christ's redemptive Death on the cross and his Resurrection.
Who is to blame for the death of Jesus?
Page 115; All People Bear Responsibility for Jesus' Death.
What was Jesus accused of and convicted of and by whom?
Pontis Pilate : Sedition
Jewish authorities : Blasphemy
Was Jesus' death part of God's plan?
What does the Passion of Death of Jesus do for us?
His sacrifice redeemed us, took away our sins, and restored us to communion with God.
KQ: Describe the theological meaning of the death of Jesus. Who is "responsible" for his death?
By his Passion and Death, Jesus showed us the depth of God's love, which desires the Salvation of all people. His sacrifice redeemed us, took away our sins, and restored us to communion with God.
All sinners are responsible for Jesus' death. (creds to monica)
KQ: Summarize the main events of Matthew's Passion Narrative.
1. Jesus enters Jerusalem
2. Conspiracy against Jesus
3. Judas's Betrayal
4. The Last Supper
5. The Agony in the Garden and the Arrest of Jesus
6. Jesus before the Sanhedrin and Peter's Denial
7. Jesus before Pilate
8. Crucifixion and Death of Jesus Christ
9. Burial of Jesus (creds to monica)
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