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psych ch. 11: anxiety, anxiety disorders, and OCD
Terms in this set (47)
a feeling of apprehension, uneasiness, uncertainty, or dread resulting from a real or perceived threat whose actual source is unknown or unrecognized>
a reaction to a specific danger and more often the body reacts with surges of autonomic arousal necessary for fight or flight, thoughts of immediate danger, and escape behaviors
what type of anxiety occurs in the normal experience of everyday living
a person experiencing this type of anxiety sees, hears, and grasps less information than someone who is not in that state
when only certain things in the environment are seen or heard
a type of anxiety in which a person may only focus on one particular detail or many scattered details
is learning and problem solving possible at severe levels of anxiety?
what is the most extreme form of anxiety and results in markedly disturbed behavior
panic level of anxiety
confusion, shouting, screaming, or withdrawal are behavioral signs of which level of anxiety?
headache, nausea, dizziness, and insomnia are symptoms of which level of anxiety?
which defense mechanism are emotional conflicts and stressors addressed by meeting the needs of others?
which defense mechanism is an unconscious process of substituting constructive and socially acceptable activity for strong impulses that are not acceptable in their original form?
which defense mechanism is the conscious denial of a disturbing situation or feeling?
which defense mechanism is the exclusion of unpleasant or unwanted experiences, emotions, or ideas from conscious awareness?
which defense mechanisms is the transfer of emotions associated with a particular person, object, or situation to another person, object, or situation?
which defense mechanism is unacceptable feelings or behaviors kept out of awareness by developing the opposite behavior or emotion?
transforming anxiety on an unconscious level into a physical symptom that has no organic cause is which defense mechanism?
which defense mechanism is compensating for an act or communication?
what consists of justifying illogical or unreasonable ideas, actions, or feelings by developing acceptable explanations that satisfy the teller as well as the listener?
aggression toward others is expressed through procrastination, failure, inefficiency, passivity, and illnesses that affect others more than oneself
a disruption in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, or perception of the environment is known as?
occurs when emotional conflicts or stressors are handled by attributing negative qualities to self or others
emotional conflicts or stressors are addressed by attributing exaggerated positive qualities to others
the inability to integrate the positive and negative qualities of oneself or others into a cohesive image
when a person unconsciously rejects emotionally unacceptable personal features and attributes them to other people, objects, or situations is called
involves escaping unpleasant realities by ignoring their existence
referred to as the emotional brain
which part of the brain is involved with activation of the stress response?
which part of the brain is associated with memory related to fear responses?
which part of the brain is associated with cognitive interpretations?
which part of the brain is associated with fear, especially related to phobic and panic disorders?
the sudden onset of extreme apprehension of fear, usually associated with feelings of impending doom
what is used to treat panic disorders?
benzodiazepines, antidepressants such as tricyclics and SSRIs, MAOIs, and the utilization of CBT in conjunction with medications
a persistent, intense, irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that leads to a desire for avoidance, or actual avoidance, of the object, activity, or situation
a chronic psychiatric disorder associated with severe distress different from other anxiety disorders in that there is pervasive cognitive dysfunction, impaired functioning, and poor health related outcomes
generalized anxiety disorder
what is characterized by excessive, persistent, and uncontrollable anxiety and excessive worrying?
term for thoughts, impulses, or images that persist and recur so that they cannot be dismissed from the mind
ritualistic behaviors that an individual feels driven to perform in an attempt to reduce anxiety
which form of behavioral therapy consists of gradually exposing a person to the feared object or situation until the person is free of incapacitating anxiety
what is the first line treatment for all anxiety disorders?
which medication is used for the management of anxiety disorders or short term relief of anxiety symptoms, especially GAD?
what foods must patients avoid when taking MAOIs?
foods containing tyramine
Which nursing action is most effective for severely anxious patients?
detailing differences among various patients
encouraging group participation
providing brief information sessions
increasing opportunities for making decisions
provide brief information sessions
During a panic attack, the client demonstrates rapid breathing and appears pale. What is the initial nursing intervention?
reorient the patient to person, place, and time
give an IM injection of ativan
encourage the patient to take deep breaths
call the physician
encourage the patient to take deep breaths
The nurse is aware that a side effect of Xanax is?
adverse reactions with specific foods
A client continually repeats almost every detail and etiology of his wife's serious illness without any emotion. This behavior indicates the defense mechanism of?
A young adolescent has a crush on a boy in the neighborhood that keeps avoiding her. However, she tells her mother, "I think he may love me." This is an example of the defense mechanism of:
What neurobiological marker was found to be reduced in individuals with conversion disorder and those with major depression?
What can sleep deprivation lead to ?
What are the characteristics of schizophrenia?
What are bath salts? What are their effects?
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