55 terms

FACS-Measuring Basics

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Terms in this set (...)

tsp
Teaspoons Abreviation
T or Tbsp
Tablespoons abbreviation
C
Cups
oz
Ounces
1 Tbsp
3 teaspoons equals how many Tablespoons
1/4 C
4 Tablespoons equals how many cups
1/2 C
8 Tablespoons equals how many cups
1 C
16 Tablespoons equals how many cups
8T or 1/2 C
1 stick of butter equals how many tablespoons and cups
Pack firmly into dry measuring cup and level off top with straight edge of spatula
How do you measure brown sugar
Scoop sugar into a dry measure until it is overfilled. Level off top with straight edge spatula
How do you measure Granulated sugar
Spoon lightly into a dry measuring cup until it is overflowing. do not shake or tap. Level off top with straight edge spatula
How do you measure flour or powdered sugar
scoop/dip measuring spoon into container and bring it up heaping full. Level off top with straight edge spatula. Do not pour because it could spill, wasting ingredients
How do you measure spices, leavening agents, and other ingrediants used in small amounts
Spray cup with cooking spray, if desired. Pack firmly into a dry measuring cup, making sure all air is forced out, and level off top with straight edge of spatula. Remove with rubber spatula
How do you measure solid fats (ex. Crisco)
Measurement marks are on the wrapper. Read the wrapper to find the desired measurement, and then use a knife to cut.
How do you measure stick butter/margarine
Place liquid measuring cup on a flat surface. Pour liquid into the measuring cup until it reaches desired level. View at eye level.
How do you measure Liquids
Def. of Beat
To make a mixture smooth by adding air using brisk stirring
Def. of Blend
To combine 2 or more ingredients until smooth and of uniform consistency
Def. of Whisk/Whip
To beat rapidly to increase air and increase volume
Def. of Knead
To use a fold-push turn motion when working with doughs use hand of palm
Def. of Dice
To cut into small even pieces, smaller then 1/2 inch
Def. of Al Dente
Experienced pasta makes cook pasta until it is tender to not too soft.
Def. of Preheat
Setting the temperature to desired temp.
Def. of Bake
To cook with dry heat usually in oven
Def. of Simmer
Cook to just below the boiling point so the liquid barely bubbles
Def. of Boil
Cook in liquid hot enough to bubble rapidly
Def. of Stir/Mix
Use a spoon to stir 2 or more ingredients together thoroughly.
Dry ingredients
What do you measure with dry measuring cups
Liquid ingredients
What do you measure with liquid measuring cup
Both liquid and dry ingredients
What do you measure with measuring spoons
Mixing bowls
To HOLD and MIX INGREDIENTS
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Cutting boards
To PROTECT COUNTERTOPS when using KNIVES
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Dry measuring cups
To MEASURE DRY, MOIST or SOLID INGREDIENTS such as flour, sugar, or shortening
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Skillet
To FRY, BROWN OR SAUT'E ingredients
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Liquid measuring cup
To MEASURE LIQUID INGREDIENTS such as water, milk, or oil
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Straight edge spatula
To LEVEL DRY INGREDIENTS
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Rolling pin
To FLATTEN and SPREAD dough
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Chefs knife
To CUT, slice, and dice LARGE FOODS
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Slotted spoon
To REMOVE foods from LIQUIDS
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Measuring spoons
To MEASURE SMALL AMOUNTs of INGREDIENTS such as vanilla, salt, or spices
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Spatula
To TURN or LIFT items such as pancakes, cookies or meats
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Wooden spoon
To mix INGREDIENTS or COOK in HOT LIQUIDS
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Colander
To DRAIN WATER from foods such as pasta and large vegetables
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Rubber spatula
To MIX ingredients and SCRAPE ingredients from bowls
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Kitchen shears
To CUT FOOD items and OPEN PACKAGES
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Whisk
To BEAT, WHIP or BLEND ingredients
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Grater
To SHRED food into small particles
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Paring knife
To CUT and sometimes PEEL SMALL fruits and vegetables
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Prep cups
To HOLD ingredients NEEDED for cooking
What is utensil is this? What is its definition?
Chop
To cut food into small irregular shapes
Cut-In
To mix solid fats into dry ingredients with two knives or a pastry blender until well mixed.
Brown
To cook food briefly until the surface browns
Grate
To reduce to small shreds
Baste
To pour juices or melted fat over (meat) during cooking in order to keep it moist.
Fold
To combine two foods using a gentle down-up-over motion