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42 terms

English Exam

STUDY
PLAY
Theme
central idea, moral message, or insight of a work of literature
Setting
the time and place of a story or play
First Person
one of the characters tells the story and usually zooms in on the thought and feelings of one character
Third Person Omniscient
an all knowing narrator tells the story using third person pronouns such as he, she, or they
Objective Point of View
totally impersonal narrator tells the story with no comment on any characters or events
Characterization
the personality a character displays or the means by which an author reveals that personality
Plot
the sequence of events or happenings in a literary work
Exposition
the kind of writing that arises as the characters take steps to resolve their conflict
Conflict
a struggle between two opposing forces or characters in a short story, novel, play, or narrative
Climax
the point of greatest emotional intensity, interest, or suspense in a narrative
Falling Action
all the action after the turning point or climax
Resolution (denouement)
the outcome of the conflict in a story
Diction
the style of speaking and writing as reflected in the choice or use of words,
Local Color
Writers try to be informative about the peculiarities of a given region and
Setting
the time and place of a story or play
Aphorism
a brief, cleverly-worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.
Epiphany
in a literary work, a moment of sudden insight or revelation that a character experiences; an intuitive and sudden insight into the basic meaning of an event. Joyce called it "a sudden spiritual manifestation."
Stream of Consciousness
writing style that tries to depict the random flow of thoughts, emotions, memories, and associations rushing through a character's mind
Symbolism
the use of a person, place, thing, or event that stands both for itself and something beyond itself.
Characterization
revealing the personality of a character
Irony
discrepancy between expectation and reality
Exposition
when characters and their conflicts are intoduced
Resolution
loose ends are tied up and the story comes to a close
Internal Conflict
a struggle that goes on in the character's mind or heart
External Conflict
struggle between two characters or a character and a nonhuman thing
Direct Characterization
allows the writer to openly reveal a character
Indirect Characterization
a method that allows the writer to reveal through clothing, dialect, other characters' opinions, etcs
Verbal Irony
a character says one thing but means something else
Situational Irony
the opposite of what the reader expects happens
Dramatic Irony
the audience knows something that the characters do not know
Blue
Fantasy, escape, unhappiness, Dr. T. J. Eckleburg = God
Gold
Old wealth, old money
Green
Envy, jealousy, money, newness, new money, power, springtime, renewal, youth
Gray
Death, hopelessness, lacking vitality, Valley of Ashes
Red
Blood, death
White
Beauty, cleanliness, freshness, innocence, virginity, coldness, false goodness, false purity, wealth
Yellow
Corruption, decay, dishonesty
Eggs
White outside (false goodness/false purity); Yellow inside (decay/corruption/dishonesty)
Daisy
flower=fragile. Coloring=same as egg (white outside, yellow inside)
Myrtle
shrub; supports life, vitality
Dr. T. J. Eckleburg
yellow glasses and blue eyes=decay + fantasy, dishonesty + escape = God is dead...or disinterested
Valley of Ashes
waste created by the American dream