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19 terms

Chapter 14 Psychology: Health Psychology

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health psychology
subfield of psychology that is concerned with how psychological and social variables affect health and illness
resilience
a person's ability to bounce back or rebound psychologically after being confronted by stress
positive psychology
a movement within the field of psychology that stresses healthy psychological functioning, positive emotions, and resilient coping
stress
nonspecific response of the body to any demand made of it
stressor
anything that causes an organism to adjust and display the nonspecific stress response
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
typical series of responses to stressful situations that includes the alarm, resistance and exhaustion stages
acculturative stress
the stress of adapting to a new culture
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
set of symptoms that may follow deeply disturbing events; symptoms include reliving the event, difficulty concentrating, sleep disturbances, anxiety, and guilt
primary appraisal
the first step in coping with stress; consists of determining whether the event is a threat or not
secondary appraisal
the second step in coping with stress; consists of deciding how to deal with the stress-producing situation
immune system
system that protects the body against foreign substances such as viruses and bacteria
antigens
foreign substances such as bacteria that trigger an immune response
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV
a virus that is usually contracted through the transfer of semen, blood, or vaginal secretions and is the cause of AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
viral disease transmitted via bodily fluids such as blood and semen, usually during sexual relations or by sharing needles used by a person infected with HIV; the virus attacks the body's immune system, resulting in vulnerability to infections and diseases, which eventually cause death
coping
cognitive and behavioral efforts that are used to reduce the effects of stress
social support
availability of comfort, recognition, approval, advice, money, or encouragement from others
progressive relaxation
series of exercises consisting of alternately tightening and relaxing major muscle groups
relaxation response
relaxation technique that involves the use of a mental device
biofeedback
providing information about some ongoing biological process such as muscle tension in the hope that the person will learn to adjust the process