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Bio Chapter 5 Energy flow and photosynthesis
Terms in this set (46)
What colors are algae best known for
Green, red, brown
Algae has what ability?
To capture energy of sunlight and converted into usable forms of energy
Renewable fuels made from living organisms
Capacity to do work, includes processes such as building complex molecules and moving substances in and out of the cell
Energy cannot be what
All life on earth would stop if
It had no source of energy
Humans and other animals obtain energy by
-potential energy stored in...
-breaks bonds to
-...Bonds of biological molecules
-.... release stored energy to do work
How do you plants get energy from ?
Trap energy and stored in what?
Algae can produce what?
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
Energy cannot change what?
(Conservation of energy)
Stored energy in the chemical bonds
The energy of motion or movement
The Kinetic energy generated by random movement of molecules or atoms
Potential energy in a
with each energy transformation, some energy is
Lost as heat
this is why we need to keep supplying energy to any system
Process by which plants and other autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to make energy rich molecules
Photosynthesis uses what 2 things
Carbon dioxide and water
The sun is
The ultimate source of energy
Capture and transform the energy of sunlight by photosynthesis
Obtain energy by eating other
Photosynthesis occurs where?
In the chloroplast
Chloroplast are where ?
Organelles present in cells of plants and algae
Light energy is captured in what form?
Chemical energy is used to generate what?
Glucose molecules using the carbon atoms of carbon dioxide
Photosynthesis can be summarized as what?
Sunlight + Water + carbon dioxide =>
oxygen + glucose
Photosynthesis has two parts what are they?
Photo (light) synthesis
Light energy is the energy of what?
Electromagnetic spectrum of radiation
Light energy is made up of particles called what?
Photons are what?
Packets of light energy
Photos of different wavelengths contain different...
Amounts of energy
Photons of different wavelengths contain...
Different amounts of energy
What is Clorophyll?
The pigment present in the green parts of plants
What does Clorophyll absorb?
Photons of light energy
Electrons in the Chlorophyll atoms become
So I didn't lecture until generate an energy carrying molecule known as
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
ATP is used to make what
Photosynthesis captures what in the air?
incorporates carbon Atoms into it
What is carbon fixation?
Conversion of CO2 Into glucose and oxygen in photosynthesis by ATP
Conversion of inorganic gaseous carbon into an organic molecule
What uses carbon fixation?
Autotrophs and heterotrophs
What is the main way carbon enters the global energy chain?
All living organisms require energy to
Live and grow
The ultimate source of energy on earth is what?
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