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Terms in this set (36)
State of Nature
the way life would be if there was no government and no rules
an agreement between people and government (people give up rights and government provides protection)
citizens hold the political power
citizens are directly involved in the day-to-day work of governing the country
citizens elect leaders to represent their rights and interests in government
a small group of people has all the power, "rule by a few"
a kind of autocracy where a king or queen rules the country
18th century movement that advocated reason as the universal source of knowledge and truth
rights that people are born with (i.e. life, liberty, property)
a body of people, living in a defined space, with the power to make and enforce laws
group of people who are the members of a state
the ability to rule absolutely within a territory
the organization inside a state that controls the actions and policies of the state
4 Main Roles of Government
1. provide security
2. secure economy
3. Keep Order
4. Providing Services
a government in which one person has all the power
a kind of autocracy where one leader has absolute control over citizens' lives
a government that recognizes God or a divine being as the ultimate authority
nobody or everyone is in control
Wrote Two Treatises of Government. Said human nature lived free and had the natural rights of life, liberty, and property. He said government was created in order to protect these rights and if the government failed to do so it was the duty of the people to rebel.
English philosopher and political theorist best known for his book Leviathan (1651), in which he argues that the only way to secure civil society is through universal submission to the absolute authority of a sovereign. Otherwise war will occur
a state whose territory is identical to that occupied by a particular ethnic group or nation
This theory is based upon the idea that a government arose when the people of an area were brought under the authority of one person or group.
origin of the state in family
diving right theory
ruling leader/family is chosen by GOD
A lack of feeling, emotion, or interest
A government which one person has all the power.
One leader has the absolute power over a country.
A king or queen rules the country.
Citizens hold all of the power.
Citizens elect leaders to represent their rights and interests in government.
Citizens are directly involved in day-to-day government and vote first-hand.
A small group of people that have all the power.Usually military.
A small group of people -normally military- who rule a country by force.
Recognizes God as the ultimate authority in government and law.
Nobody is in control, or, everyone is.