82 terms

Engels woorden periode 1

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abuse
cruel, inhumane or wrong treatment
to accuse ... of
saying that someone did something wrong
acknowledgement
the act of admitting that something is real or true
to acquit
declare someone not guilty of a charge
alleged
supposed, assumed
to arrest
take someone into custody
assailant
someone who attacks
armed and dangerous
is carrying a weapon and has a violent background
bail
large amount of money that someone pays as a promise to appear in court
bar
a long, straight, stiff piece of metal
to blame someone for something
to lay the cause of a problem with someone
to book someone
here: register someone as a criminal
break into
to enter a residence, car, or business illegally
burglar, burglary
a person who breaks into a home or business and steals items/the act of breaking into a building
bystander
a person who is present but not involved
case
a term for any proceeding in a court of law
cell
individual room in a jail/prison
to charge
a pleading that says that someone did something wrong/saying someone did something wrong
to cheat / deceive
to mislead people
to commit
to perform an act, usually with a negative connotation
confinement / imprisonment
doing time in prison
convict / to convict
- a person who is doing (or supposed to be doing) jailtime / - to declare someone guilty
to convince
make people believe that something is true or real
court
the place where official trials are held
criminal record
a file that lists all of the crimes a person has committed
crime
criminal activity or a criminal action
crime scene
the place where a crime happened
(in) custody
under police control
to deny
to say you aren't guilty
to describe
to give an account in words
to doubt
feeling of uncertainty whether something is true or not
DUI/DWI
(Driving Under the Influence/Driving while Intoxicated). Driving after drinking too much alcohol
to escape
get away from a holding place
exoneration, to exonerate
to clear someone from an accusation or punishment
evidence / proof
everything factual that establishes or disproves a matter
felony
a major crime (e.g. murder)
fine
money that a person pays for breaking a law
fingerprints
marks left by fingers that identify a person
firearms
weapons that shoot
forensic
relating to the use of scientific knowledge to solve crimes
fraud
act of deceiving people
gang
a group of people often associated with crime and drugs
guilty
responsible for a crime, deserving of punishment
handcuffs
metal rings that attach to wrists to keep criminals (or the accused)from escaping
hostility
a hostile (= very unfriendly) situation or feeling
illegal
not in accordance with the law
impostor / fraud
someone who deceives people (usually by pretending to be someone or something that he is not)
incarceration, to incarcerate
to lock up someone
infamous
known widely for something bad
innocent
not responsible for the crime / not guilty
to investigate
to search really well for the solution of a problem
jail/gaol (prison)
a place where criminals are confined
judge
a public official who valuates cases with respect to the law
jury
a group of people who decide whether a defendant is guilty or not (in American court)
justice
the determination of what is right and wrong, and the assignment of rewards and punishments
lawyer
a person who is qualified to advise people about the law and to represent them in court
to make amends
to compensate for injury or loss
misdemeanor
a minor crime (punishment is usually a fine or less than one year in jail)
murder, homicide
the intentional killing of someone
(police) officer
official address for a policeman/woman
ordeal
a severe, heavy or trying experience
parole
the conditional release of a prisoner
to plead
to argue a case in a court of law / ask earnestly
private investigator (private eye)
someone who investigates cases but is not a member of the police force
punishment
the penalty someone gets for an offence
pursuit
the act of searching for
rape, to rape
(the act of) sexually violating someone
to release
set free
to report
to give an account of something you have seen or experienced
robbery
theft; taking something that does not belong to you, often with force
sentence, to sentence
here: the punishment someone gets who is found guilty
shoplifting
stealing something from a shop
to solve
to find the answer to a problem
speeding ticket
a fine given to a driver who gets caught driving beyond the speed limit
to steal
to take something that does not belong to you
to suspect, suspect
to believe to be guilty / a person who is believed to be guilty
thief
somebody who steals
verdict
the final decision of a judge or jury
victim
a person who suffers from an action, accident, injury, etc.
to violate
to disregard a law or agreement / to sexually assault someone
warden
the chief official in charge of a prison
to witness, witness
to see something happening/a person who sees and reports an event