Ancient Greeks and Romans
Terms in this set (36)
The capital city of Crete.
A Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Epic Greek poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy.
Epic Greek poem (attributed to Homer) describing the siege of Troy.
A city-state in ancient Greece.
Fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city.
Government ruled by a king or queen.
Government in which citizens govern themselves.
Powerful Greek miliary polis that was often at war with Athens.
Democratic Greek polis who accomplished many cultural achievements, and who were constantly at war with Sparta.
Exclusion from a group.
A war between Athens and Sparta that threatened to tear all of Greece apart.
King of the gods.
Home to the Gods and Goddesses (except for Hades).
Athenian philosopher who used investigation questions to increase understanding in human behavior.
Student of Socrates who wrote "The Republic" about a perfectly governed society.
Student of Plato and the tutor of Alexander the Great who profoundly influenced Western thought on logic and science.
Alexander the Great
Defeated and united the weakened Greek city-states, then spread Greek culture and influence throughout the world.
When Greek ideas spread to non-Greek people (a result of Alexander the Great).
Greek Scientific Contributions
Furthered Geometry, created Pi, developed astrology.
Philosophy that started in ancient Greece, that focused on self-control and courage as a way to achieve happiness.
Form of government where the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
Wealthy landowning elites during the Roman era.
Commoners or all non-land-owning, free men in Ancient Rome.
300 men elected to govern Rome in the Roman Republic.
Wars between Rome and Carthage that resulted in the destruction Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Brilliant Carthaginian general who attacked the city of Rome
Powerful ancient city-state located in North Africa
Emperor of Rome, named after Julius Caesar.
Adopted grandnephew of Julius Caesar, later called Augustus Caesar.
First emperor of the Roman Empire. Julius Caesar's grand-nephew.
Roman emperor who mercilessly persecuted Christians.
200 year period of peace in Rome.
Prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity.
Follower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world.
Roman emperor who divided the empire into a West and an East section.