35 terms

ABRSM Grade 1 Music Theory (Terms and Signs)

This is the Grade 1 music theory terms required for the ABRSM Music Theory Exam. These terms are also required for all higher exam levels. At the exam, the Italian comes first.
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PLAY
gradually getting quicker
accelerando (or accel.)
slow
adagio
fairly quick (but not allegro)
allegretto
quick, cheerful
allegro
a medium, walking speed
andante
in a singing style
cantabile
gradually getting louder
crescendo (or cresc, or an long less than sign)
repeat from the beginning
da capo (or D.C)
repeat from the dal segno symbol
dal segno (or D.S)
gradually getting quieter (similar to diminuendo)
decrescendo (or decresc, or a long greater than sign)
gradually getting quieter (similar to decrescendo)
diminuendo (or dim.)
the end
fine
loud
forte (f)
very loud
fortissimo (ff)
smoothly
legato
slow
lento
half
mezzo
moderately loud ("half" loud)
mezzo forte (mf)
moderately quiet ("half" quiet)
mezzo piano (mp)
moderately
moderato
moderately quick
allegro moderato
quiet
piano (p)
very quiet
pianissimo
a little
poco
gradually getting slower (similar to ritardando)
rallentando ( or rall.)
gradually getting slower (similar to rallentando)
ritardando (or ritard. or rit.)
held back
ritenuto (or riten. or rit.)
detached
staccato (or stacc. or a dot above or under a note)
speed, time
tempo
in time
a tempo
an octave higher
8va (over a note or notes)
an octave lower
8ve (under a note or notes)
accent
> (over or under notes)
72 crotchet (quarter-note) beats in a minute (the M.M is optional and stands for Maelzel's Metronome)
M.M [quarter note]= 72k
a musical ornament consisting of a rapid alternation between two adjacent notes,
trill (Tr)
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