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32 terms

Chapter 22 History Quiz

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British economist Thomas Malthus argued that
population always grew faster than the food supply.
A _____ boom in the 1770s enhanced Britain's infrastructure advantage.
canal-building
In the eighteenth century, a shortage of ____ held British industry back.
wood
Industrial growth first really accelerated in Britain during the
1780s
The tendency to hire family units in the early factories was
usually a response to the wishes of the families
The first modern factories arose in the
textile industry
All of the following were consequences of revolutionary changes in the textile industry except
a reduction in child labor
All of the following facilitated the Industrial Revolution in eighteenth-century Britain except
the extensive investment of foreign capital in Britain
The earliest steam engines were
used to pump water out of coal mines
The difficulties faced by the continental economies in their efforts to compete with the British included all of the following except the
resistance of land-owning elites
Because working conditions were poor in early textile factories, factory owners turned to
orphaned children as an important part of their work force
The major breakthrough in energy and power supplies that catalyzed the Industrial Revolution was
James Watt's steam engine
The first factories
grew out of the putting-out system
The switch from charcoal to ___ helped revolutionize the iron industry
coke
By reducing the cost of overland freight, the railroad
created national markets
In 1860, Britain produced ___ percent of the world's output of industrial goods
20
The Crystal Palace exhibition of 1851 commemorated the
industrial dominance of Britain
Thomas Malthus argued that growth in ___ would always outstrip growth in the food supply
population
William Cockerill was
an English carpenter who built cotton-spinning equipment in Belgium
Friedrich List was an early proponent of
economic nationalism
The key development that allowed continental banks to shed their earlier conservative nature was
the establishment of limited liability investment
______ managed to raise per capital industrial levels in the nineteenth century.
All European states
In "The Condition of the Working Class in England", Engels stated that
the British middle classes were guilty of mass murder and wholesale robbery
Which of the following countries was the least industrialized in 1860?
Russia
Scholarly statistical studies of the condition of members of the British working class indicate that
the Industrial Revolution made little difference in the living standards of the working class
Most early industrialists drew on ____ for labor and capital.
family and friends
The Factory Act of 1833
limited the workday of children between 9-13 to eight hours a day
The ___ attacked factories and smashed industrial machinery
Luddites
The law that outlawed labor unions and strikes in Britain was the
Combination Acts of 1799
The Mines ACt of 1842
prohibited underground work for women as well as boys under ten
Railroad construction on the continent
featured varying degrees of government involvement
In the 1760s, Monday was popularly known as ____ because so many workers took the day off
Saint Monday