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Reviews basic understanding of inductive and deductive reasoning, premise and conclusion, validity in arguments.

inductive reasoning

reasoning from detailed facts to general principles

deductive reasoning

reasoning from the general to the specific


a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn


belief or decision reached by reasoning

valid argument

an argument in which the reasons support the conclusion so that the conclusion follows from the reasons offered.


Refers to statements that have the appearance of truth or reality.


a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal

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