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Inductive/Deductive Reasoning

Reviews basic understanding of inductive and deductive reasoning, premise and conclusion, validity in arguments.
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inductive reasoning
reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
deductive reasoning
reasoning from the general to the specific
premise
a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn
conclusion
belief or decision reached by reasoning
valid argument
an argument in which the reasons support the conclusion so that the conclusion follows from the reasons offered.
validity
Refers to statements that have the appearance of truth or reality.
argument
a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal