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36 terms

Chapter 7-Steve/Jack

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George Grenville
British Prime Minister who strictly enforced the Navigation Laws
Stamp Act Congress
9 colonies met in New York to list grievances about taxes, 1765
Nonimportation Agreements
Agreement to not import any British goods
House of Burgesses
Lower house in Virginia, which proposed a committe for international correspondance, 1773
Boston Massacre
March 5, 1770, British soldiers open fire on Boston citizens
Lord North
Prime Minister of England who repealed the Townshend Acts
British East India Company
British industry that unloaded an excess of tea in the Boston Harbor
Thomas Hutchinson
Massachusetts governor who forced Bostonians to allow ships to unload their tea
Boston Tea Party
December 16, 1773, Bostonians dump large amounts of tea into the Boston Harbor
Boston Port Act
The Boston Port was closed until damages were paid in full
Declaration of Rights
Papers from the 1st Continental Congress that made appeals to British people and tories
Lexington Massacre
April 1775, British troops attempt to seize colonial gunpowder, and shoot and kill 8 Americans
Continental
Extremely weak paper money issued by the Continental Congress
Valley Forge
Winter of 1777 - 1778, American troops spent training and hiding from Brits
Quartering Act
Passed in 1765; forced Colonists to feed and shelter British soldiers.
Stamp Act
A Tax imposed by George Grenville to raise money for the new military force, 1764.
Intolerable Acts
Acts which limited the colonists rights as a result of the Boston Tea Party.
John Hancock
Revolutionary leader involved in the Lexington Massacre.
Samuel Adams
Revolutionary leader, helped in organizing the Sons of Liberty and the Committees of Correspondence.
Sons of Liberty
Colonist organization that enforced the nonimportation agreements.
Committees of Correspondence
Created by American Colonies to communicate with each other.
First Continental Congress
First met in 1774 in Philadelphia to discuss the Intolerable Acts.
Whigs/Patriots
British political commentators who warned the public of corruption.
Marquis de Lafayette
A major general in the French Army who was essential for securing aid from France.
Republicanism
Society where people work together for the common good.
The Association
Called for a complete boycott of British goods, nonimportation, nonexportation, nonconsumption.
Townshend Acts
Passed in 1767, these laws created an import tax on glass, white lead, paper, paint, and tea.
Sugar Act
Increased tax on sugar imported from the West Indies to raise revenue for the colonies in 1764.
Declatory Acts
An act passed by Parliament where they reassessed England had the right to bind their colonies.
Navigation Acts
A series of laws imposed which restricted foreign shipping. Prime Minister George Grenville first enforced these laws in 1763.
Quebec Act
A law passed in 1774 that gave Catholic French Canadians religious freedom and gave back the French form of law. This was enacted to protect the coastal colonies by extending boundaries of Quebec to the Ohio River on the south and the Mississippi to the west.
Mercantilism
An idea which Parliament tried to enact in the American colonies. It states that the primary function for the colonies is to help England increase revenue.
Baron Von Steuben
A German hired by America to drill soldiers to fight the British.
Articles of Confederation
The first written constitution written by the colonists in 1781.
Lord Dunmore
British royal governor in Virginia who issued a proclamation in 1775 that promised freedom for slaves in Virginia who joined the British army.
No Taxation Without Representation
The idea that it was a right to have a voice over taxes. This idea led to the Boston Tea Party.