Terms in this set (21)
A love of support of country and thr constrution
Favoring traditional vaules and reluctant to make changes
Basic facilities such as roads bridges and ports
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote.
At the Constitutional Convention, larger states wanted to follow the Virginia Plan, which based each state's representation in Congress on state population. Smaller states wanted to follow the New Jersey Plan, which gave every state the same number of representatives. The convention compromised by creating the House and the Senate, and using both of the two separate plans as the method for electing members of each.
Three fifths compromise
the agreement by which the number of each state's representatives in Congress would be based on a count of all the free people plus three-fifths of the slaves
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures.
A person who opposed the adoption of the United States Constitution.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
The theory developed in early modern England and spread elsewhere that royal power should be subject to legal and legislative checks.
Separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
Checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
powers directly stated in the constitution
Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congress to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers of the Constitution.
First 10 amendments
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws