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Literally 'middle age,' a term that historians of use for the time period between about 500 to 1500
King of Franks; conquered Gaul; earned support of Gaul and Church of Rome by converting to Chiristianity
Germanic people who lived and held power in Gaul. By 511 the Franks had united into one kingdom and they controlled the largest and strongest parts of Europe
Frankish king who conquered most of Europe and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in the year 800
An economic and political system based on relationships between various social classes with the monarch at the top and peasants at the bottom
St. Francis of Assisi
Italian saint who founded the Franciscan order of friars; treated all creatures, including animals, as spiritual brothers and sisters; born to wealthy merchant family and willingly gave up a life of comfort
a written grant of rights and privileges by a ruler or government to a community, class of people, or organization
a group of merchants who joined together to finance a large-scale venture that would have been too costly for any individual trader
a medieval association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to uphold standards of their trade and to protect their economic interests
a person who has learned a particular trade or craft but has not become an employer, or master
a system of organizing people into ranks, with those of higher rank having more power and privileges
the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women
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