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Richard Serra. The Matter of Time. 2005.


Ways to Experience:

As relief, in-the-round, or as an environment.

Additive Process:

Modeling, installation, casting.

Subtractive Process:


Yu the Great Taming the Waters. Qing
dynasty, 1787. Jade, height 7 ft. 4 1/4 in. x
3 ft. 1 3/4 in.


Giovanni da Bologna. The Rape of the Sabine Women. 1583.
Marble, height 13 ft. 6 in.


Michelangelo. "Atlas" Slave. c. 1513-20. Marble, 9 ft. 2 in.

Scullpture (unfinished).


The part of the human being that defines personality and survives life on earth after death.

King Menkaure and His Queen, Egyptian,
Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, 2490-2474 BCE



Counter-balance pose.

Praxiteles. Hermes and Dionysos. c. 330 BCE. Marble, height 7 ft. 1 in.

Sculpture (contrappasto pose).

Praxiteles. Hermes and Dionysos. c. 330 BCE.

Sculpture (contrappasto pose).

Michelangelo. David. 1501-04

Sculpture (contappasto pose).

Three Goddesses, from the east pediment of the Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens,
c. 438-432 BCE. Marble, over-life-size.


Robert Arneson. Case of Bottles. 1964. Glazed Ceramic (stoneware)
and glass.

Ceramic Sculpture.

Tomb of Emperor Shih Huang Ti. 221-206 BCE. Painted ceramic, life-size.


Robert Smithson. Spiral Jetty. April 1970. Great Salt Lake, Utah. Black rock, salt
crystals, earth, red water (algae). 3 1/2 ft. x 15 ft. x 1,500 ft.

Sculpture (water). Installation.

Great Serpent Mound. Hopewell culture, c. 600 BCE-200 CE.
Adams County, Ohio. Length approximately 1,254 ft.


Nancy Holt. Sun Tunnels, Great Basin Desert, Utah (four showing).
Four tunnels, each 18 ft. long x 9 ft. 4 in. in diameter; each axis 86 ft.


Walter De Maria, two views of Lightening Fields, 1970-77


Larry Kirkland, Headwaters, 2002, granite,
English/Philosophy Education Complex

TTU Public Arts.

Terry Allen, Read Reader, 2002, bronze, Student Union Building

TTU Public Arts.

Tom Otterness, Tornado of Ideas, 2003-4,
bronze, Student Union Building

TTU Public Arts. (controversial).

Po Shu Wang, Comma, 2007, stainless steel, bronze, granite,
Student Union Building

TTU Public Arts.

Deborah Butterfield, Wind River, 2004, bronze, Murray Residence Hall

TTU Public Arts.

Performance Art

A work involving the human body, sometimes including the artist, in front of an audience.

Conceptual Art

A work in which the ideas are often as important as how it is made.


An artwork created by the assembling and arrangement of objects in a specific location.

Jackson Pollock painting Autumn Rhythm.

Conceptual Art.

Guillermo Gómez-Peña and Roberto
The Cruci-fiction Project. 1994.

Performance Art (specifically chose time of day to perform).

Zhang Huan. To Raise the Water Level in a Fish Pond. August 15, 1997.
Performance documentation.

Performance Art.

Joseph Beuys, Coyote, I Like America and America Likes Me, May 1974, living
sculpture at the Rene Block Gallery, NY

Performance Art.

Vito Acconci, Following Piece, 1969, Street Works IV, 23-day activity

Followed people around town.

Marina Abramovic, The House with the Ocean View, 2002,
performance at Sean Kelly Gallery, NY

Performance Art.

Found Image

An image found by an artist and presented with little or no alteration as a work of art.

Barbara Kruger, Untitled (Your
Gaze Hits the Side of My Face),
1981-3, photograph

Conceptual Art (found image).


Anarchic anti-art, antiwar movement, dating back to WWI, that reveled in absurdity and irrationality.

Marcel Duchamp. The Fountain. 1917.

Conceptual Art (urinal in art show).

Bruce Nauman, Self-Portrait as a Fountain, 1966-67

Conceptual Art (spitting).

Bruce Nauman, The True Artist Helps the World by Revealing Mystic Truths (Window or Wall Sign), 1967, neon tubing with clear glass tubing suspension frame

Conceptual Art.

Yoko Ono, Wish Tree for Liverpool, 2008

Conceptual Art (places wish on tree).

Claes Oldenburg, The Store, installation view, 107 East 2nd St, NY, Dec 1, 1961 - Jan 31, 1962


Kara Walker. Insurrection! (Our Tools Were Rudimentary, Yet We Pressed On), installation view. 2000. Cut paper silhouettes and light projections.



With the aim of teaching or educating.

Knitta Please, NYC and Seattle, 2005 - present

Craft (streets)

Josiah Wedgwood. Apotheosis of
Homer Vase. 1786.
height 18 in.
"ornamental ware"

Craft (vase)

Judy Chicago. The Dinner Party. 1979. 48 x 48 x 48 ft. installed.

Craft (each plate decorated to fit personality of each artist).

Mosaic glass bowl. Roman, 25 BCE-50 CE.
Fused and slumped glass, Height 4 1/2 in.

Craft (bowl).

Dale Chihuly. Rotunda Chandelier (Victoria and Albert Chandelier). 1999. 27 x 12 x 12 ft.

Craft (glass).

The Hunt of the Unicorn, VII: The Unicorn in Captivity. c. 1500. Silk and wool, silver and silver-gilt threads. 12 ft. 1 in. x 8 ft. 3 in.


Faith Ringgold. Tar Beach (Part I from the Woman on a Bridge series). 1988. Acrylic on canvas bordered with printed, painted, quilted, and pieced cloth.

Craft (quilt).

Nathan Dube. S.P.I.T. (Saliva and Paper Instigating Trauma). 2005.
dimensions of case 2 3/4 x 4 1/4 in.

Spit ball machine. Craft?

Heiltsuk. Bent-Corner Chest (Kook). c. 1860.
21 1/4 x 35 3/4 x 20 1/2 in.

Craft (chest).

Architecture depends on:

Environment and Technology.


The distinct landscape characteristics of a site.


The materials and methods available to a given time and place.

Load-Bearing Construction

Walls bear the weight of the roof, stacking and piling.

Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, c. 2500 BCE

Load-Bearing Construction.

Cliff Palace, Mesa Verde, CO, 1200-1300

Load-Bearing Construction.

Post-and-lintel construction

Two posts support a crosspiece, or lintel, that spans the distance between them.

Acropolis, Athens, Greece, 5th C BCE

Post-and-lintel construction.


Slight swelling in a column design to make the column appear straight to the eye, suggests human musculature and strength.

Parthenon, 447-438 BCE


Arch Construction

curved, semicircular architectural form that spans an opening of space built of wedge-shaped blocks (voussiors), with a keystone centered at its top.

Pont du Gard, Nimes, France, 19 BCE

Arch construction.


Piece at top of arch supporting both sides.

Barrell Vault

Consecutive archs back to back.

Groin Vault

Perpendicular arches or barrell vaults.

The Colosseum, Rome, 72-80

Contains all 3: Arches, Barrell Vaults, and Groin Vaults


Roof generally in the shape of a hemisphere or halfglobe, or continuous arch rotated 360 degrees on its axis.

Pantheon, Rome, 117-125



Latin for "eye," Pantheons only source of light.

Gustave Eiffel, Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1887-89


Skin-and-Skeleton Construction

Using steel-and-reinforced concrete.

Louis H Sullivan, Wainwright Building, 1890-91, St. Louis, Missouri

Skin-and-Skeleton Construction.

Louis H. Sullivan. Bayard (Condict) Building. New York, NY. 1897-98.

Skin-and-Skeleton Construction.

Miës van der Rohe and Philip Johnson. Seagram Building. 1958. New York, NY

Skin-and-Skeleton Construction.

Cantilever Construction

Architectural form that projects horizontally from its support.

Frank Lloyd Wright, Fallingwater, Bear Run, PA, 1936

Cantilever Construction.

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, France, 1928-30

House meant for artwork.

Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain, 1997


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