65 terms

ISS 215 - MSU 2016 Mid Term

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

racism
system of beliefs, practices and relationships that produce and reproduce hierarchies based on ascribed racial categories that limit access to resources, rights and priveleges
prejudice
an attitude that is positively/negatively biased toward or against a particular group
subordinate group
minority group
racial formation
process by which racial categories are created, inhabited, transformed and destroyed
conflict perspective
emphasize social change, focus on the negative
functionalism
believe each aspect of society contributes to the success of the society
minority group characteristics
unequal treatment, discrimination,
hate crimes
individuals choose a victim because of characteristics
fusion
when a minority group and a majority group combine to form a new group
pan ethnicity
the development of solidarity between ethnic subgroups
when annexation occurs
the dominant power generally suppresses the language and culture of the minority
ethnocentrism
the tendency to assume that one's culture and way of life are superior to all others
ethnophaulism
ethnic slur
all-weather bigot
type of person who may be far removed from any real contact with subordinate groups
economic disparity
the bogardus scale was created to measure...
reluctant liberals
discriminate if there is social pressure to do so
scapegoating theory
that prejudiced people believe they are societies victims
affirmative action
effort to recruit members of subordinate groups for jobs, promotions and educational opportunities
reverse discrimination
charge that affirmative action discriminates dominate groups
glass wall
situation that would prevent women from switching jobs within the same company
redlining
discriminating against people trying to buy homes in minority or racially changing neighborhoods
nativism
beliefs and policies favoring native born citizens
chinese exclusion act of 1882
naturalization rights were denied to the chinese
religion
the unified system of sacred beliefs and practices that encompass elements beyond everyday life that inspire awe, respect, and even fear
creationists
individuals who support a literal interpretation of the biblical book of genesis on the origins of the universe and argue that evolution should not be presented as established scientific thought
intelligent design
idea that life is so complex that it could have only been created by a higher intelligence
tracking
segregation at the classroom level
acting white
is associated with speaking proper english and listening to classic rock over hip hop
victim discounting
the tendency to view crime as less socially significant if the victim is viewed as less worthy
proposals to improve educational opportunities for african americans often argue for
more funding
outcome of brown v board of education
separate educational facilities are inherently unequal
de facto segregation
school discrimination that results from residential patterns
slave codes
laws that defined the low position of slaves in the united states
outcome of williams v mississippi
approved the use of poll taxes, literacy tests and residency requirements to discourage blacks from voting
niagara movements legacy was
educating a new generation of african americans in the politics of protest
restrictive covenant
legal device for relegating african americans to second-class status
civil disobedience
active nonviolence resistance
Social Construction of Race
Different races are seen differently in society, not because their race but the idea of their race
Fusion
When two cultures come together
Expulsion
The act of depriving someone membership to an organization or group
Annihilation
When a race has no representation and they are not recognized as important (could also mean destroying the group/race)
Ethnic Cleansing
the mass expulsion or killing of members of an unwanted ethnic or religious group in a society.
Anomaly
Someone or something that deviates from the norms of society
Zionism
Supporting the protection and upkeep of the original jewish culture
Social Distance
perceived or desired degree of remoteness between a member of one social group and the members of another, as evidenced in the level of intimacy tolerated between them.
Scapegoating
One person takes the blame for a whole group, (irrational hostility toward one person of a race because you don't like that race)
Racial Tolerance
a fair, objective, and permissive attitude toward those whose opinions, beliefs, practices, racial or ethnic origins, etc., differ from one's own
Affirmative Action
an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination.
Racial Profiling
the use of race or ethnicity as grounds for suspecting someone of having committed an offense
Contact Hypothesis
interpersonal contact is one of the most effective ways to reduce prejudice between majority and minority group members. Gordon W. Allport
Institutional Discrimination
refers to the unjust and discriminatory mistreatment of an individual or group of individuals by society and its institutions as a whole, through unequal selection or bias, intentional or unintentional; as opposed to individuals making a conscious choice to discriminate.
Fair Pay Act
The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009
(Pub.L. 111-2, "S. 181". ) is a federal statute in the United States that was the first bill signed into law by President Barack Obama on
Chain Immigration
refers to the endless chains of foreign nationals who are allowed to immigrate because citizens and lawful permanent residents are allowed to bring in their non-nuclear family members.
Nativism
the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
National Origin System of the 1920s
A law that severely restricted immigration by establishing a system of national quotas that blatantly discriminated against immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and virtually excluded Asians. The policy stayed in effect until the 1960s.
Shanty Irish
Used to categorize Irish immigrants in the US
Padrone
an employer, especially one who exploits immigrant workers.
Bureau of Indian Affairs
It is responsible for the administration and management of 55,700,000 acres (225,000 km2) of land held in trust by the United States for Native Americans in the United States, Native American Tribes and Alaska Natives.
Termination Act
It was shaped by a series of laws and policies with the intent of assimilating Native Americans into mainstream American society.
National Congress of American Indians
represent the tribes and resist federal government pressure for termination of tribal rights and assimilation of their people
1854 Treaty of Medicine Creek
Treaty between the US and 9 tribes; The treaty granted 2.24 million acres (9,060;km²) of land to the United States in exchange for establishment of three reservations, cash payments over a period of twenty years, and recognition of traditional native fishing and hunting rights
Sundown Towns
A form of segregation, in which a town, city, or neighborhood in the United States was purposely all-white, excluding people of other races.
Victimization Survey
Is a national survey of approximately 49,000 to 77,400 households twice a year in the United States, on the frequency of crime victimization, as well as characteristics and consequences of victimization.
Absolute Deprivation
absence of the minimal resources to afford the basic necessities for life.
Relative Deprivation
is the experience of being deprived of something to which one believes to be entitled. It refers to the discontent people feel when they compare their positions to others and realize that they have less of what they believe themselves to be entitled than those around them.