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N316 Ch27 Anxiety
Terms in this set (36)
General info anxiety
-Anxiety is the subjective emotional response to a stressor.
-Anxiety may be distinguished from fear in that anxiety is an emotional process, whereas fear is a cognitive one.
-Anxiety is an emotional response to anticipation of danger, the source of which is largely unknown or unrecognized.
-Anxiety is a necessary force for survival. It is not the same as stress.
Panic Disorder: Assessment
Characterized by recurrent panic attacks the onset of which is unpredictable and manifested by intense apprehension, fear, or terror, often associated with feelings of impending doom and accompanied by intense physical discomfort
May or may not be accompanied by agoraphobia.
S/S Panic attack
Sweating, trembling, shaking
Shortness of breath, chest pain or discomfort
Nausea or abdominal distress
Dizziness, chills, or hot flashes
Numbness or tingling sensations
Derealization or depersonalization
Fear of losing control or "going crazy"
Fear of dying
Characterized by chronic, unrealistic, and excessive anxiety and worry
Psychodynamic theory (Panic and Generalized Anxiety Disorders)
-Ego unable to intervenebetween id and superego
-Overuse or ineffective use of ego defense mechanisms results in maladaptive responses to anxiety.
Cognitive theory (Panic and Generalized Anxiety Disorders)
Faulty, distorted, or counterproductive thinking patterns result in anxiety that is maintained by mistaken or dysfunctional appraisal of a situation
Biological aspects (Panic and Generalized Anxiety Disorders)
Fear of being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult or in which help might not be available in the event of panic-like symptoms or other incapacitating symptoms
Traveling in public transportation
Being in open spaces
Being in shops, theaters, or cinemas
Standing in line or being in a crowd
Being outside of the home alone in other situations
Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)
Excessive fear of situations in which the affected person might do something embarrassing or be evaluated negatively by others
Fear of specific objects or situations that could conceivably cause harm but the person's reaction to them is excessive, unreasonable, and inappropriate.
Exposure to the phobic object produces overwhelming symptoms of panic, including palpitations, sweating, dizziness, and difficulty breathing.
Natural environment type
Psychoanalytical theory: Phobias
Unconscious fears may be expressed in a symbolic manner as phobia.
Learning theory: phobias
Fears are conditioned responses and thus are learned by imposing reinforcements for certain behaviors.
Cognitive theory: phobias
Anxiety is the product of faulty cognitions or anxiety inducing self-instructions.
Medical conditions that may produce anxiety symptoms
Substance induced anxiety disorder
May be associated with intoxication or withdrawal from any of the following substances:
Alcohol, sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics
Amphetamines or cocaine
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
David G Myers
A Concise Introduction To Logic (Mindtap Course List)
Lori Watson, Patrick J. Hurley
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Arlene Lacombe, Kathryn Dumper, Rose Spielman, William Jenkins
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