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31 terms

religion

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Secularism
a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations
Traditional religion
a religion that has originality and is not modernized
Syncretic religion
separate religions that combine into a new religion; often borrow from the past and the present.
Universal religion
religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those who live in a particular location
Ethnic religion
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Polytheistic religion
a religion with more than one god
Monotheistic religion
a religion with one god
Animistic religion
the beleif that inanimate objects, such as hills, trees, rocks, rivers, and other elements of natural landscape, possess souls and can help or hinder human efforts on Earth
Religious fundamentalism
religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy
Interfaith boundary
The boundaries between the world's major faiths.
Intrafaith boundary
The boundaries within a major religion.
Jihad
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Sharia religious law
The system of Islamic law
Ethnic cleansing
the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
Gender
the classification of being male or female
Enfranchisement
a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote)
Longevity gap
the gap between the life expectancy of men and women
Maternal mortality rate
Number of deaths per thousand of women giving birth.
Female infanticide
the intentional killing of baby girls due to the preference for male babies and from the low value associated with the birth of females
Dowry deaths
the bride is brutally beat or killed for her fathers failure to fulfill the marriage agreement
Female genitalia mutilation
Complete or partial removal of the clitora on girls under the age of eleven
Caste system
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
Untouchables
LOWEST LEVEL OF INDIAN SOCIETY; not considered a real part of the caste system; often given degrading jobs; their life was extremely difficult
Karma
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
Reincarnation
the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions
Brahman
the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal category
Diaspora
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel
Ashkenazim
One of the two main ethnic groups within the Jewish culture. This branch eventually settled in Central Europe after having been driven out of Jerusalem early in the first millenium A.D
Sephardim
cultural tradition made up of descendants of Jews who moved to Spain and Potugal in Western Europe
Shiite
a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Sunni
one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam