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TExES ELAR 7 - 12 (Literary Elements) Comp 6
Terms in this set (97)
action AFTER the climax, leading to the denouement or catastrophe. The final action that completes the unraveling of the plot.
Events LEADING UP to the climax of a play; or other literary work
Where the ENTIRE WORK is organized into a comparison.
Ex: "She Being Brand" by E.E. Cummings compares a woman to a car and is extended throughout the entire poem.
language that addresses the senses to evoke MENTAL IMAGES, not only for visual sense, but also using other senses or emotions.
Pathos (hint: path; taking you somewhere)
A scene or passage in a work that evokes GREAT EMOTION in the audience or reader.
A story told in fiction, non-fiction or drama. May be told from one or multiple points of view.
long formal POEM about death or loss.
Ex: "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Boom's" by Walt Whitman
the central idea, topic, message or insight into life, revealed through the literary work.
Ex: Western, Romance, Roaring 20's, suspense
a complex character in a literary work
literary device that employs the use of a famous, concept, person or idea to convey a wealth of meaning.
Ex: Romeo & Juliet represent eternal love & a star-crossed love story.
Understatement; the presentation of a word or phrase with under-emphasis in order to achieve a greater effect.
Ex: "WW2 was a bit of a mess for England."
Figure of Speech where a word of phrase is compared to something else w/o using "like" or "as".
Ex: "Life is a brief candle."
A short VERBAL account of a funny, amusing or interesting event that happened in the teller's life.
A group of words that share the same pronunciation but have different meanings. They can be spelled the same or different. Can be either a homophone or a homograph.
The moment of the greatest emotional tension or suspense in a story or novel.
when the reader or audience feels compassion with the protagonist & experiences a sense of relief when protagonist overcomes great odds.
the hidden meaning of a word that is usually determined by the context in which it is used.
The ____ of a word can be perceived as positive or negative.
Ex: thin = positive & skinny = negative
When a character turns away from the audience and directly addresses an absent person. Allows character to "think aloud".
A word that imitates a sound
Ex: "meow" "roar" "chirp"
hint: CHRON - chronological
The placement of an event, person or object out of it's proper CHRONOLOGICAL place.
Ex: A story set in the 1800's and the characters are all talking on cell phones.
hint: (anti = contrasting) (thesis = thoughts)
Figure of Speech: where a thought is balanced with a contrasting though in parallel arrangements.
Ex: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times" - Charles Dickens (A tale of two cities)
hint: (ANA = anew) (GRAM = Grammar)
the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word.
Ex: cinema = ice man (or) debit card = bad credit
A literary practice where the writer will EMBELLISH the sentence to give more meaning.
A complete narrative in which characters and settings stand for abstract ideas or moral qualities. Works in parallels.
Ex: Dante's - Divine Comedy is an allegory for a person's journey to God and faith.
The analysis of the meaning of language, especially of individual words.
Ex: In a conversation, two people could be debating over something and using different language that means the same thing. Someone listening could say.... "Really?! There is no sense arguing over _____".
Dramatic work of poetry or literature in which two people are talking
hint: PARA - sounds like Parish = church
A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson
hint: tone of voice
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
hint: Sync = words together
FIGURE OF SPEECH: in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).
A literary and artistic movement that sought to explore the subconscious, which it believed to hold something liberating for human beings. Uncontrolled by logic.
The act of replacing an unpleasant expression with a pleasant one. "Sugar Coating"
Ex: "He passed away" instead of "He's dead"
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot in a story.
French term that literally means "untying the knot"
A figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect
Ex: Jumbo Shrimp or Deafening Silence
Lines spoken directly to the audience by an actor.
hint: (OMNI = all) (SCIENT = knowing)
When the narrator reveals to the audience what the characters think and feel
Words that share the same spelling regardless of pronunciation.
A speech delivered by a characters "state of mind"
Most famous occurs in Hamlet, by Shakespeare
Literal dictionary meaning of a word.
Figure of Speech: Overstatement or exaggerated expression.
Ex: "I'm so hungry I could eat an elephant."
Takes place when the audience perceives something that the character doesn't know.
When the author says one thing but means something else.
Words that share the same pronunciation regardless of spelling.
A character who exhibits FEW personality traits in a literary work.
A character that changes in some way during the story
A character who does DOES NOT change during the course of the story.
The introduction and background information of a work.
A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
inspiration. A reminder of the earliest story tellers.
Literary device where the order of the Noun & the Adjective in a sentence is exchanged. It's used to create dramatic impact.
Ex: In Star Wars, Yoda says... "Begun, the Clone Wars has."
to persuade or urge one to do something.
Poetry or literature in which one person is talking.
Individual in a story, poem or play.
Lead character in the story
Character in a story tells the story from his point of view. Uses many pronouns. ( I, ME, or MY)
a way to call something to mind without mentioniong it explicitly; an indirect passing reference.
when the sequence of letters of a word or sentence is the same forward & backward.
A speech to honor honor someone, most commonly spoken at a funeral.
Coming of age story
Figure of Speech: Compares two things using "like" or "as"
Ex: Pretty AS a peach.
The ORGIN. The history of a word.
(19th - 20th Century) Believed that man determines his own destiny. Anchored in reality & do NOT idealize life.
Figurative Language: Human characteristics are attributed to an animal, object or idea.
Point of View
Who's perspective is the story being told.
Graphic design that illustrates the typical 5-act play
The unexpected DISPARITY btwn. that what is spoken or written and the reality of the situation.
Ex: When a man in a war writes to his family and says that he is happy and things are good, but in reality he is scared and sad and wants to come home.
Figure of Speech: where an object is substituted for another object with it.
Ex: When someone is really thirsty he might say... "I drank the cup"
When an author purposely leaves out conjunctions,while maintaining grammatical accuracy of the phrase.
Ex: Eat, Pray, Love
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
Live, Laugh, Love
RHETORICAL TECHNIQUE: where the order of the occurrence of words or phrases is reversed to bring meaning to the sentence.
Ex: "We can weather the changes, we can't change the weather".
Stream of Consciousness
> AKA - interior monologue
> a narrative mode that depicts the thoughts & feelings that pass through the mind.
> Attempts to give the written equivalent of the character's thought process.
the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar; resulting in a nonsensical, often humorous utterance.
Ex: writing "could of" instead of "could have" or
"For all INTENSIVE purposes" instead of "for all INTENTS AND purposes."
A recurring subject, theme, or idea in a literary work.
when a writer uses visible objects or action to suggest further meaning. This can be achieved by repetition, descriptions or dialogue.
> A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies.
> The writer's intent is usually to correct an injustice or social wrong.
The Anglo-Saxon language spoken from approximately 450 to 1150 A.D. in what is now Great Britain.
an attempt to be overly "correct" resulting in the production of language different from the standard ("between Harlan and I" instead of "between Harlan and me")
Figure of Speech
AKA - Figurative Language
> not meant for "literal" interpretation.
> includes using similes, metaphors, personification, hyperbole or symbolism.
A writer's use of hints or clues to indicate events that will occur in a story. Creates suspense and at the same time prepares the reader for what is to come.
A method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events
A comparison that points out similarities between two dissimilar things.
EX: Winter & Death or Spring & Life
A character or force in conflict with the main character
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
The repetition of connectives or conjunctions in close succession for rhetorical effect
EX: Here and there and everywhere.
A humorous play on words
EX: I really wanted to buy a camouflage shirt; but I couldn't find one.
A recurring theme, subject or idea
in a sentence, the omission of a word or words replaced by three periods
EX: Once Upon a time......
the narrator speaks in the second person; that is, the narrator speaks directly to you (the reader) as though you are the protagonist, and the narrator is the one informing you of what it is you're doing. (Very rare in long fiction). Uses words like you.
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound")
a writers or speakers choice of words
noun - contrast between what a reader or character expects and what actually exists or happens
When language evokes images and triggers memories in the reader of the five senses: sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell.
The reason the author has for writing. ( Inform, persuade, express, & entertain)
> The way a text is presented
> introduction, headings and/or subheads, sentences that form paragraphs, and chapters.
>Develops ideas for the text
Something that deviates from what is normal or expected.
EX: A person born with two heads, is a good example. Something that is out of the ordinary.
An expression that has a meaning apart from the meanings of its individual words.
EX: "A penny for your thoughts" "at the drop of a hat" or "Burn the midnight oil"
A brief, interesting, memorable, and sometimes surprising or satirical statement.
EX: "Mankind must put an end to war, or war will put an end to Mankind." - J.F.K. or "I'm starting with the man in the mirror" - Michael Jackson
> A proverb, wise saying BASED ON FACTS
> Considered truth by most people
EX: "A penny saved is a penny earned." or "Eat to live, and not live to eat."
A concise statement of a truth or principle
EX: "If it ain't broke, don't fix it."
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
TExES ELAR 7-12 (Reading Process & Skill…
TExES ELAR 7-12 (Genres & Movements) Comp 06
TExES ELAR 7-12 (Written Communication)…
TExES ELAR 7-12 (Oral Communication) - Comp. 10
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