59 terms

# IPC Semester Exam

Cramming for finals tomorrow
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Gravity
The force of attraction between objects
General Property
A quality or characteristic of all matter
Inertia
Resistance of an object to a change in its motion
Liquid
Matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape
Gas
Matter that does not have a definite shape or volume
Solid
Matter that has no or very little movement of particles
Plasma
Matter thats particles can only be held by magnetic forces
Crystalline Solid
A type of solid with a regular, repeating pattern of arranged particles
Amorphous Solid
A type of solid with no regular or repeating pattern that eventually will lose its shape
Melting
When an object goes from a solid to a liquid
Freezing
When a substance goes from a liquid to a solid
Condensation
When a gas turns to a liquid
Boiling Point
The temperature at which a liquid goes to a gas
Melting Point
The temperature at which a solid goes to a liquid
Mixture
Matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together but not chemically combined
Colloids
Particles in a mixture that are mixed together but not dissolved; they are permanently suspended and will not seperate
Solution
A homogenous mixture that is formed when one substance dissolves in another
Molecule
Two or more atoms chemically bonded together
Solute
The substance that dissolves
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that has all the properties of the element
Solvent
The substance that does the dissolving
Heterogenous Mixture
A mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
Homogenous Mixture
A mixture that appears to be the same throughout
Increases; Decreases
The force of attraction of objects ___ as the distance ___.
Mass
The constant amount of matter in an object determines its ___.
Weight
The pull of gravity on an object determines the object's ___.
Mass, weight, volume, and density
General properties of matter include ___.
V = l x w x h
What is the formula to find the volume of an object?
D = mass / volume
What is the formula to find the density of an object?
Charles' Law
___ states that at constant pressure, if temperature goes up, volume goes up, and if temperature goes down, volume goes down.
Boyle's Law
___ states that at constant temperature, if the volume goes down, the pressure goes down, and if the volume goes up, the pressure goes up.
Chemical Symbols
Na, Fe, and I are all ___ ___.
Changing the coefficients
You can balance an equation by ___.
Nucleus
Almost all of the atoms mass is found in the ___.
Protons and Neutrons
The nucleus of an atom contains ___.
33 amu
If an isotope of sulfur has 16P, 17N, and 16E, its mass number is ___.
Electromagnetic
Elactrons are kept in motion around the nucleus by the ___ force.
Positively
The nucleus of an atom is ___ charged.
Atomic Number
The elements of the modern periodic table are arranged in order of increasing ___ ___.
Similar
Elements of the same family of the periodic table have ___ properties.
Active Solids
Elements on the left side of the periodic table tend to be ___.
Inactive Gases
Elements on the right hand of the periodic table tend to be ___.
Metals
Most elements on the periodic table are ___.
Brittle; Little or no luster
Nonmetals are ___ and have ___.
Alkali Metals
Always found in nature combinedwith other elements because they are very active.
Solids, liquids, and gases
Halogens are found in nature as ___.
1
All elements in the halogen family have ___ valence electron(s).
Outermost energy levels; Complete
The noble gases are inactive because their ___ are ___.
Period
The elements in a horizontal row of the periodic table form a ___.
Family
The elements in a vertical column of the periodic table form a ___.
Valence
The number of electrons in the outermost energy level of an element determines the ___ number of the element.
Chemical Bonding
___ occurs so that atoms can obtain a full outermost shell.
Ionic Bonding
The transfer of electrons occurs during ___.
Oppositely
The ionic bond results from attraction between ___ charged atoms.
Lose
Atoms with low ionization energy ___ electrons easily.
Attract
Atoms with high electron affinity have a tendency to ___ electrons.
Covalent
Sharing of electrons occurrs in ___ bonding.
Metallic
The type of bond that holds together the atoms in a sample of copper is ___.
Oxidation Number
The ___ of an atom can be deteremined by knowing the number of valence electrons.