body of land with water on three sides.
settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties with its homeland.
the early Greek city-state, made up of a city and the surrounding countryside and run like an independent country.
in early Greek city-states, an open area that served as both a market and a meeting place.
person who takes power by force and rules with total authority.
government in which a small group of people holds power.
government in which all citizens share in running the government.
person who was conquered and enslaved by the ancient Spartans.
official who ruled a state in the Persian Empire under Darius.
system of government in which people gather at mass meetings to decide on government matters.
system of government in which people elect leaders to make laws.
thinker who seeks wisdom and ponders questions about life.
what a person leaves behind when he or she dies.
long poems told about heroic deeds.
a sacred shrine where a priest spoke for gods and goddess.
traditional stories about gods or goddess that are sued to explain beliefs and things that affect people's lives.
a short tale that teaches a lesson.