A therapist's relationship to a client is impacted by the
interaction of the therapist's theoretical approach and the client's perspective.
To change a client's nail biting behavior, the client is instructed to paint their nails with a coating that tastes terrible. This is a(n) ____ method.
___ therapists focus on beliefs and attitudes that create and compound their clients' psychological problems.
Selective perception and a tendency to overgeneralize are ____as defined by Aaron Beck.
Cognitive errors or distortions.
Prefrontal lobotomy, a failed ____ procedure, involved severing the nerve connections between the prefrontal lobes and the thalamus.
Cognitive therapy provides____that reduce the risk of recurrence of depression when treatment ends.
Psychodynamic therapies assume that psychological disorders originate in
early childhood experiences and inner conflicts.
Client-centered therapy focuses on how childhood experiences create ____ which adversely affect the client's current functioning.
denial of self
In client-centered therapy, the therapist tries to set aside his or her own values and experiences and view the world through the client's
frame of reference.
What are the four essentials of psychotherapy?
1. Systematic interaction (interaction between client and therapist)
2. Psychological principles (based on theory and previous research)
3. Thoughts, feelings, and behavior (where psychotherapy is aimed to changing)
4. Psychological disorders, adjustment problems, and personal growth (what people are seeking help in)
How has treatment of psychological problems changed through history?
The treatment of disorders has become more understanding. Disorders are now more understood and can be better treated.