Connecting Themes & Canada Vocab Words (for quizlet live)

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Canadian Sheild
A massive physical feature rich in natural resources such as trees, minerals, and water
Hudson Bay
A gulf that is connected with the Arctic Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean
Rocky Mountains
A mountain chain located in western Canada
St. Lawrence River
A river that connects the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
The largest and deepest ocean in the world
Specialization
When a factory or company produces a good or service well; when an employee creates a good or service well
Mixed Economy
An economic system that combines market and command aspects (parts).
Command Economy
Most government decisions are made by the government. The government decides what goods and services are produced.
Market Economy
An economic system that relies on a system of independent market prices to allocate goods, services, and productive resources. Business owners compete in the market with little government control
Traditional Economy
An economic system in which social roles and culture determines how goods are made, sold, and bought
Relative Location
the location of one place in relation to another place
Absolute Location
the exact spot on Earth where a place is found
Compass
a directional arrow that shows cardinal and sometimes intermediate directions on a map
Human Environment Interaction
looks at the relationships between people and their
environment; how people adapt to the environment and how they change it
Legend
the wording on a map or diagram explaining the symbols used
Migrate
to move from one area in order to settle in another
Push Factor
something that forces someone to leave a place
Pull Factor
something that attracts a person to move to another place
Adaption
the way humans change to suite their environment
Government
the people or groups within a society that have the authority to make laws, to make sure they are carried out, and to settle disputes.
Climate
typical weather of a region over a long period of time
Equator
the imaginary line that goes around the widest part of the earth in the center and is always closest to the sun
Hemisphere
half of the globe; either north and south OR east and west
Latitude
the imaginary east-west parallel lines on a globe which measure the globe north and south of the Equator
Longitude
the imaginary north-south lines that measure distance east and west of the prime meridian
Physical Map
shows land-forms such as mountains, rivers, seas
Political Map
shows major countries, cities, etc.
Prime Meridian
the imaginary line that runs through Greenwich, England and represents zero degrees longitude
Oligarchy
government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes. The citizen has a very limited role
Democracy
a government in which supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections
Monarchy
ruled by a king, queen, or emperor who has unlimited power
Parliamentary Democracy
a republic where the executive is elected by the legislature
Presidential Democracy
a republic in where the president is elected independently from the legislature
Unitary
a system of government in which authority is centralized
Confederation
a group of loosely allied states or nations that come together for a common cause
Federal
a form of government in which several states or regions defer some powers to a central government while retaining a limited measure of self-government
Autocracy
a system of government by one person with absolute power
Quebec
Province of Canada that has many "separatists" or people wanting to separate from Canada.
Separatist
a person who wants their state or province to separate from their country
Prime Minister
the person with the most political power in a Parliamentary Democracy
President
the person with the most political power in a Presidential Democracy
Inuit
the native people of Canada
Nunavut Territory
the territory dedicated to the Inuit people in 1999
NAFTA
created no trade barriers between Canada, the US, and Mexico
Constitutional Monarchy
a form of government where the monarch (royal family leader) is the head of state, but has no political power
Governor General
acts in place for the monarch (royal family leader)