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POLI Exam 2
Terms in this set (44)
The ultimate public opinion poll is...
General agreement among the citizenry on an issue is...
Most views that are expressed as political opinions are acquired...
through the process of political socialization
concerning political socialization, most studies show that most...
Family, Education, Peer Groups, Media, socio-economic status, race, gender; their effects are that they influence political views
Research suggests that the clearest legacy of the influence of the family on political socialization is...
Communication & Receptivity (?) Party Identification?
Generally, the more education a person receives...
the more likely it is that the person will be interested in politics..
Peer groups are most likely to influence political attitudes when...
that peer group is directly involved with political activities..
Conservatives are most commonly understood to embrace...
the Private Sector's solutions to problems
Election research indicates the number of Americans who could be identified as ideologues is...
less than 10%
An interest group is...
an organized group of individuals sharing a common objective who actively attempt to influence policy makers..
People who become members of interest groups for solidarity incentives are joining...
for social status
People who become members of interest groups for material incentives are joining...
Direct lobbying techniques used by interest groups include
lobbying, publicizing ratings of legislative behavior, building alliances, and providing campaign assistance.. astroturfing
Indirect lobbying techniques used by interest groups include...
Generating public pressure, using constituents as lobbyists, unconventional forms of pressure (rallies, boycotts, etc).. grassroots
Lobbyists make themselves valuable to government decision makers by...
Providing info and expertise when asked..
Grassroots lobbying is effective because legislators and government officials are often more impressed by contacts from...
The intent of "astroturf" lobbying is to
Use fake grass roots (?) To form a false opinion
The "shotgun" approach to grassroots lobbying...
mobilize large groups of constituents to write, phone, or email legislature or president..
The "rifle" technique of grassroots lobbying consists of
use only important constituents (managers, owners; One important person to be the voice for many; more effective)
Definition of Climate Control as a lobbying technique (page 221 in textbook
the use of public relations technology to create a favorable public opinion toward an interest group, individual, or corporation..
A political party is a group of individuals who...
organize to win elections, operate govt., and determine public policy..
Between the national conventions the Between the national conventions the major functions of American political parties are carried out at the national level by...
"Cadre" or Skeleton Crew
American parties are composed of the party...
The party-in-electorate is...
an identifying label
The party institution or organization is...
an organization that recruits candidates
The party-in-government is...
the third component of American political parties; all elected and appointed officials with a political party.. (set of leaders in gov't that identify with that party)
A major reason for the death of local political party machines is
they are bad at mobilizing voters
In principle, the Democrats have been known as the party of
blue collar workers
In principle, the Republicans have been known as the party of...
white collar workers
A major reason for the two-party system is the electoral system which is based on the concept of...
single member districts
In the winner-take-all (plurality) system
large parties are favored
Requiring candidates from newly established political parties to obtain more signatures on petitions to qualify to run for office than established parties...
The increase today in split ticket voting and registered independents suggest that...
role of party identification is decreasing
Political parties have been weakened by the
rise of technology, non-party candidate support, and significant changes in the electorate
All of the following are important reasons that election campaigns no longer depend on political parties EXCEPT....
A political action committee (PAC) is
a committee set up by and representing a corporation, labor union, or special interest group. (raise and give donations to campaigns)
When the selection of the parties' candidates is limited to declared party members, it is called a(an)..
The people who cast their ballots in the Electoral College are called...
The Constitution indicates that the number of electors each state has in the Electoral College....
Is equal to the number of senators (2) PLUS it's number of representatives.. (?)
How electors are selected within each state is governed by ...
The Constitution does not require electors to...
cast ballots for the candidate of their party..
In cases where no presidential candidate receives a majority of the Electoral College vote...
... election is decided in house of representative from the three candidates with the highest number of votes, Vice president is chosen by senate
A brief memorable comment that easily can be fit into news broadcasts is called...
Spin refers to (see page 297)
an interpretation of campaign events of election results that is favorable to the candidates campaign strategy.
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