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Chapter 10

STUDY
PLAY
When we refer to someone's intelligence quotient as if it were a fixed and objectively real trait such height, we commit a reasoning error called
reification
The ability to learn form experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations is know as
intelligence
The sort of problem solving that demonstrates "school smarts" is what researches have historically assessed in their test of intelligence
intelligence
Those who emphasize the importance of the g factor would be most likely to encourage
quantifying intelligence with a single numerical score
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related test items that seem to tap a common ability is called
factor analysis
Factor analysis has been used to assess whether
difference in intellectual ability exist between groups of individuals
A person who demonstrates an exceptional specific mental skill while otherwise remaining very limited intellectual capacity is said to show signs of
savant syndrome
Psychological tests show that 18-year-old Isaiah has an intelligence score of 65. Nevertheless, Isaiah can, with a few seconds of mental calculation, accurately tell the day of the week on which Christmas falls for any year in this century. It would be fair to conclude that
Isaiah is a person with savant syndrome
Whenever Arlo reminded himself that his musical skills could earn him fame and fortune, he became less creative in his musical performance. This best illustrates that creativity may be inhibited by
extrinsic motivation
Emotional intelligence is a critical component of
creativity
Environmental stimulation during childhood often contributes to the development of intelligence by altering the circuitry of the brain. This alteration illustrates
neural plasticity
Encouraging those of high intellectual ability to make with one anther was of most interest to
Alfred Binet
The French government commissioned Binet to develop an intelligence test that would
demonstrate the innate intellectual superiority of western European races
Binet used the term mental age to refer to
the chronological age that most typically corresponds to given level of intelligence test performance
A 6-year-old who responded to the original Stanford-Binet with the proficiency typical of an average 8-year-old was said to have an IQ of
133
A survey of the history of intelligence testing reinforces the important lesson that
although science strives for objectivity, scientists can be influenced by their personal biases
Aptitude tests are specifically designed to
predict ability to learn new skill
Molly has just taken a test of her capacity to learn to be a computer programmer. This is an example of an
aptitude
When a person's test performance can be compared with that of a representative and pretested sample of people, the test is said to be
standardized
A bell-shaped curve that characterizes a lard sample of intelligence test scores is a graphic representation of a
normal distribution
The widespread improvement in intelligence test performance during the part century is called
the Flynn effect
The Flynn effect best illustrates that the process of intelligence testing requires up-to-date
standardization samples
A test is reliable if it
yields dependably consistent scores
Dr. Bronfman has administered her new 100-item test of abstract reasoning to a large sample of students. She is presently comparing their scores on the odd-numbered questions with those on the even-numbered questions in an effort to
determine the test's reliability
After learning about his low score on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Gunter complained, "I don't believe that test is a measure of intelligence at all." Gunter's statement is equivalent to saying that the WAIS lacks
validity
A condition involving mental retardation caused by an extra chromosome in one's genetic makeup is known as
down syndrome
Terman observed that children with IQ scores over 135 are likely to
be academically successful
Research on the determinants of intelligence indicates that
both genes and environment have some influence on intelligence scores
The impact of early environment influences on the intelligence is most apparent among young children who experience
savant syndrome
On which of the following tasks are males most likely to outperform females?
mentally rotating three-dimenional objects
Intelligence tests are most likely to be condiered culturally biased in terms of their
content validity
Self-fulfillinf expectations are most likely to be triggered by
stereotype threat
Blacks have been found to score lower on tests of verbal aptitude when tested by whites than when tested by Blacks. The is illustrates the impact of
stereotype threat