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Government 2306 Exam 1
Terms in this set (89)
The national supremacy clause is found in which article of the U.S. Constitution?
Persons who enter the United States in violation of federal immigration laws are referred to as
Which of the following is true of political parties in Texas municipal elections?
Candidates run without party labels in these nonpartisan elections
Agriculture in the West Texas Plains depends heavily on
the Ogallala Aquifer
There are a variety of forms of local government in Texas, including
special districts, counties, and cities
Functions performed by counties in Texas include
conducting elections, registration of voters, and enforcing criminal law
The "Legislative Department" of Texas government is provided for in
Article III of the state constitution
In 1986 President Ronald Reagan signed the Immigration Reform and Control Act, which
all of these choices are provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act
Which of the following is true about women in Texas politics?
There are a variety of women's interest groups in Texas promoting equal rights, greater political participation, and other issues important to women.
Normally, the first primary election in Texas is held on the
first Tuesday in March of even-numbered years
An interest group technique that is unethical would be
According to the U.S. Constitution's national supremacy clause,
federal laws enacted under the U.S. Constitution take precedence over state laws
Which of the following is not protected by the U.S. Constitution?
Equal votes for each state in the Electoral College
As a result of Thelma White's 1955 lawsuit against the state of Texas, the Court ruled that
the state laws requiring segregation in higher education were invalid
The Texas Bill of Rights
contains a provision guaranteeing equal rights to women--something not found in the federal Constitution
As many as 400,000 Texans live in about 2,300 colonias, which are
impoverished housing settlements often without running water or sewage systems
The principal historic event shaping the 1866 Texas Constitution was
reinstatement into the Union after the Civil War
The process of mixing chemicals with sand and water and injecting them into the ground to force out oil and gas from the shale below, is referred to as
After Reconstruction, which political party dominated in Texas for more than 100 years?
Which of the following is not a responsibility of the Texas Ethics Commission?
Setting legal limits on campaign contributions
The Texas Constitution of 1869 provided for all of the following, except
six-year term for all executive offices
In the 50 counties with no county attorney, the function is performed by
a resident district attorney
The number of counties in Texas is
Low voter turnout in Texas is attributed to all of the following, except
the repeal of laws that expanded suffrage
About what percentage of Texans live in metropolitan areas
The history of Texas suburbs is marked by racial segregation because
all of these choices are reasons that racial segregation marked the development of Texas suburbs
The purpose of a general election is to
When the three major television networks began to face competition from cable news in the 1980s, they responded by
reducing coverage of hard news and increasing coverage of scandals, horserace journalism, and controversial sound bites
Of the following county officials, who is appointed by the district judge?
Among the key factors that affect voter turnout are
income, age, gender, and ethnicity
On the editorial pages of newspapers and magazines
advocacy is practiced and editors and columnists giver their opinions
Which of the following statements regarding the Campaign Reform Act of 2002 is false?
none of its provision have been overturned by the Supreme Court
The device by which a corporation may contribute money to a political candidate is
through a political action committee
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a council-manager form of government?
A mayor with power to veto council actions
The "necessary and proper" clause, found in Article I, Section 8 of the U.S Constitution, is an example of which of the following
The decline in national control over state governments is referred to as
The history of the Texas political party system has tended toward
Texas being a one-party state
In which of the following decades did the Republican Party in Texas begin to win almost all of the statewide offices it challenged?
A web page on which writers regularly record opinions, information, and links to other sites is known as a
Precinct conventions in Texas are usually
lightly or sparsely attended
An example of a labor organization that is active in Texas is the
Communication Workers of America
In the Texas general election of 2002, which trio was dubbed "the dream team" because of their expected appeal to Latino, African American, and Anglo voters?
Sanchez, Kirk, and Sharp
A social interest group would be least likely to get involved in which of the following issues?
Of the 50 states, Texas ranks __________ in land area.
Most constitutional amendments adopted in Texas
were necessary because of the detailed nature of the state's constitution
The Texas Supreme Court has interpreted Article VII, Section I of the state constitution to require
adequate and equitable funding for public education
Which of the following is not true of social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter?
Less than 10 percent of U.S. adults get news from Facebook
Which kind of group exists to promote policies that would increase wages, adequate health and unemployment insurance, and promote sage working conditions?
In which of the following ways can the federal government influence state policymaking?
Offer federal grants-in-aid
Texas has the __________ largest number of African Americans in the nation after New York and California.
The Christian Coalition would be most likely to promote which of the following>
Banning same-sex marriage
The standards of professionalism are sometimes compromised when professional reporters over-report the views of
government officials and others with power whom they see as reliable, legitimate and knowedgeable
A proposed law arising from a citizen petition is called a(n)
The governor's role in the constitutional amendment process
is limited to the use of personal influence to sway the outcome
By 2015, Texans had elected Latino candidates to which offices?
The state Supreme Court, U.S. Senate, U.S. House, and Texas legislature
The main advantage that a home-rule city has over a general-law city is that home-rule city
has greater flexibility in its organization and operation
When critics of the media complain about "horserace journalism', they are pointing to the fact that
the media tend to focus more on who is winning an elections than on the issues that matter
In Texas, the two leading political parties are the
Democratic and Republican
As a result of the Shelby v. Holder case, the state of Texas
is no longer required to obtain preclearance from the U.S. Department of Justice for its electoral district maps
A general election is held in
November of odd-numbered years
The two sources for the powers of the Texas government to govern are the
Texas Constitution and Texas's membership in the federal Union
Adopting the county's budget and setting the property tax rate is the duty of the county
The Texas DREAM Act
allows certain undocumented immigrants who were brought to Texas as children to pay in-state tuitution at public colleges
Which county official represents the state in civil and criminal cases and provides legal advice to county officials?
Which Texas governor, elected in 1994, was successful as the Republican Party's candidate for President in 2000?
George W. Bush
A major requirement of the 1975 extension of the Voting Rights Act is that ballots in all Texas counties must be
Which of the following is true of high-technology jobs?
More than one-third of high-technology jobs are in technical, managerial, and professional positions
The ability of almost all citizens 18 years of age and older to vote is referred to as
Which individual was elected the first president of the Republic of Texas under the Texas Constitution of 1836?
The media source from which most Texans now get their news is
A stratarchy is
a political system wherein power is diffused among and within levels of party organization
Which of the following is not a common reason that citizens join interest groups?
They are not accepted as members of official political parties
Which of the following have become effective campaign tools because they allow users to engage in social networking and create online communities?
The trend in federal-state relations since the 1980s can best be described as the
federal government transferring more responsibility to the states but reducing funding
In its capacity as the state's fundamental law, the Texas Constituion
creates governmental institutions, assigns them powers, and places limitations on them
The fiercest political fighting in Texas between 1900 and 1950 was between
liberal and conservative Democrats
The closest presidential elections of modern times was in
2000, when Republican George W. Bush defeated Democrat Al Gore by four electoral votes
Annexation of Texas into the United States was authorized by Congress in
Who became talk radio's most syndicated host in the 1990s?
The basic geographic area for conducting national, state, district, and county elections is the
Something protected by the Texas Bill of Rights that is not protected by the U.S. Bill of Rights is
rights of crime victims
Which of the following is a reasons that Texas has so many special districts
All of these choices are reasons why Texas has so many special districts
Which elected county official has both administrative responsibility for most county agencies and judicial responsibilities?
Which is a true statement regarding agriculture in Texas?
It is characterized by a decreasing number of farms with large acreages.
In most rural Texas counties, each county commissioner is individually resposibile for
building and maintaining county roads and bridges in his or her precinct
A political party that is not one of the two major parties is referred to as a
Separation of powers
places the lawmaking, law-enforcing, and law-adjudicating powers in separate branches of government
Liberals would most likely support which of the following policies?
laws protecting a woman's right to equal pay for equal work
Governor Rick Perry, in opposing federal stimulus fund from the Obama Administration hinted at
having Texas secede from the Union
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