1920's Topic 12 Lesson 4-8 (Chapter 17) Vocabulary
Terms in this set (37)
Harding administration scandal of government leasing Navy oil lands to private companies
The idea that low tax rates increase government tax revenue; "trickle-down economies"
Herbert Hoover's philosophy of encouraging businesses to form information-sharing trade associations
The idea that the US will be safer and more prosperous if it stays out of world affairs
Charles G. Dawes
American diplomat who negotiated the Dawes Plan
Charles Evans Hughes
Early 1920's Secretary of State who proposed the moratorium on warships at the Washington Conference
A pact in the late 1920's by Secretary of State Kellogg and French Foreign Minister Briand that was a treaty to 'outlaw war'. It had no binding force.
Large-scale manufacturing done with machinery
A moving belt that divided operations into simple tasks and minimized unnecessary movement
Ford's assembly line automobile, also called the "Tin Lizzie" or "Flivver". It first came out in 1908.
A former airmail pilot who made an amazing transatlantic solo flight in 1927
Companies allowing workers to buy stock, participate in profit sharing, and receive medical care and pensions.
A workplace where employees are not required to join a union
A belief that one's native land needs to be protected against immigrants
People who oppose all forms of government
Emergency Quota Act
An act restricting annual admission to the United States to only 3% of the total number of people in any ethnic group in the nation
National Origins Act
A law that set quotas at 2% of each national group in the US 1890 census
A religious movement that felt that the nation was in moral decline.
The theory that human beings had developed from lower forms of life
The belief that God created the world
Secret bars where liquor was sold illegally during the Prohibition era
Artistic and unconventional
Chicago poet, historian, folklorist, and novelist who used common speech to glorify the Midwest
Pulitzer Prize winner who wrote about life on the Great Plains
Author who wrote about "heroic antiheroes" - flawed individuals who have heroic qualities. Books: For Whom The Bell Tolls, A Farewell To Arms
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Author who wrote about colorful characters who chased futile dreams. Book: The Great Gatsby
Author who used irony and humor to criticize upper-class ignorance and pretensions. Book: The Age of Innocence (Written in 1920, Pulitzer Prize winner)
Radio, movies, newspapers, and magazines aimed at a broad audience
The move of hundreds of thousands of African Americans from the South to industrial cities in the North
A 'flowering' of African American arts, originating in the hearth of the Harlem borough of New York
The first important writer of the Harlem Renaissance. Book: Harlem Shadows
A prolific, original writer; a leading voice of the African American experience
Zora Neale Hurston
An important Harlem Renaissance author. Books: Jonah's Gourd Vine, Their Eyes Were Watching God
A style of music influenced by Dixieland blues and ragtime with syncopated rhythms and improvisation
The most famous nightclub in Harlem (that served only white customers). Ellington got his start there.
A soulful style of music that evolved from African American spirituals.
A dynamic black leader from Jamaica who promoted "Negro Nationalism"