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CS1301 - Interactive Quiz 4
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Terms in this set (20)
In a base-2 and a base-10 system, the value of a digit depends on its ____ within a number.
specific position
The decimal-to-binary algorithm is based on successive divisions by ____.
2
Any an unsigned value greater than the largest unsigned whole number that can be represented in the computer results in the error condition called ____ overflow.
algorithmic
____ is when the leftmost bit of a number is used represent the sign while remaining bits are used to represent the magnitude of the value.
sign/magnitude
Characters in the ASCII system are assigned to the integer values 0 to ____.
255
A(n) ____ is an electronic device that operates on a collection of binary inputs to produce a binary output.
gate
The ____ is the total number of cycles per unit time measured in cycles/second.
frequency
The most common format for storing color images is the ____ encoding scheme.
RGB
A simple compression technique that can be used on almost any form of data is ____.
run-length encoding
The popular compression technique known as ____ code sets is often used to compress text but can also be used with other forms of data.
variable-length
A ____ compression scheme is one in which no information is lost in the compression, and it is possible to exactly reproduce the original data.
lossless
A large number of transistors, as well as the electrical conducting paths that connect them, can be printed photographically on a wafer of silicon to produce a device known as a(n) ____ circuit.
integrated
The area of mathematics that deals with the rules for manipulating the two logical values true and false, is called ____.
Boolean logic
A(n) ____ transforms a set of (0, 1) input values into a single (0, 1) output value according to a specific transformation rule.
gate
To construct an OR gate, you start with two transistors, and they are connected in ____.
parallel
A(n) ____ circuit is a collection of logic gates that transforms a set of binary inputs into a set of binary outputs and in which the values of the outputs depend only on the current values of the inputs.
combination
To convert a description of a circuit's desired behavior into a circuit diagram composed of AND, OR, and NOT gates, a circuit ____ algorithm is used.
construction
____ circuits are used to determine the order in which operations are carried out and to select the correct data values to be processed.
Control
The function of a(n) ____ is to select exactly one of its 2^N input lines and copy the binary value on that input line onto its single output line.
multiplexor
Together, ____ and multiplexor circuits enable us to build computer systems that execute the correct instructions using the correct data values.
decoder
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
CS1301 - Interactive Quiz 2
20 terms
CS1301 - Interactive Quiz 1
20 terms
CS1301 - Interactive Quiz 5
20 terms
CS1301 - Interactive Quiz 3
20 terms
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