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PSC 154 Midterm 1 - Main Points to Know
Terms in this set (15)
What are 5 things that we use to communicate nonverbally? RISED
1. Regulators: regulate who we talk to, what we talk about and who hears.
2. Illustrators: dramatized speech
3.Self-Adapters: nervous behaviors that lack purpose - we adapt them when we are nervous
4. Emblems: actions that directly translate to words
5. Displays of emotion: facial expressions, body language
What are the 6 main emotions? DASSHF
Darwinian Approach to Understanding Emotions (2 main contributions to the study of emotions)
Jamesian Approach to Understandings Emotions
Cognitive Approach to Understandings Emotion
Social Constructivist Approach to Understanding Emotions
1. Darwinian: evolutionary approach. all of our emotions came from evolution. two main contributions: 1. studied animals 2. theory of evolution and natural selection.
2.Jamesian: physiological approach. that emotions start in the body.
3.cognitive approach: thoughts and emotions cannot be separated.
4.Social Constructivist approach: the idea that emotions can only exist in the social context in which they belong
What Are The 5 Other Ways to Express Emotions? BLATV
What Do We Mean By Physiology? - The Nervous System
What is the autonomic system responsible for?
nervous system - 1.central 2.peripheral - 1.autonomic system 2.somatic system - 1.sympathetic system 2.parasympathetic system
-autonomic system: regulates digestion, blood flow, body temp, defense behavior.
What are the 3 main social motivations of emotions? The 3 "A's"
1.attachement (trust -- anxiety)
(anger -- shame)
3.affiliation (affection -- sadness)
What are the 4 ways that culture can influence emotions?
1.culture changes WHAT INITIATES emotions
2.culture changes WHEN we show emotions
3.culture changes our DESIRED EMOTIONS
4.culture changes how we TALK ABOUT emotions
Affective Chronometry and the 3 ways that we measure an emotion in affective chronometry (3 "R's"):
Affective Chronometry: emotion regulation - looks at how an emotion rises to peak response and the recovery time for the emotion to get back into base level
Affective Chronometry measures:
What are the 5 ways to measure emotions? PEESO
2.emotional expressive behavior
4.self-reported emotional experience
What are 8 of the most common tools for emotion elicitation?
1.standard vs personalized stimuli
2.directed facial action
The Nervous System (broken down)
*what does the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems do?
nervous system, central (spinal chord & brain) and peripheral (autonomic & somatic systems) - within the automatic system there is (sympathetic & parasympathetic systems)
*sympathetic system: increases hearth rate "fight or flight"
*parasympathetic system: decreases heart rate (slows you down like a PARAchut) "rest and digest"
HPA (Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal) Axis Series of Events
1.HPA activated in the brain
2.hypothalamus releases CRH
3.CRH triggers the pituitary gland
4.pituitary gland releases ACTH
5.ACTH triggers adrenal gland
6.adrenal gland releases cortisol
Brain w/ HPA ->hypothalamus->CRH->pituitary gland->ACTH->adrenal gland->cortisol
What are the two parts to TSST (trier social stress task)?
1. you are "in an interview" and you are trying to get the job but you are talking to people that are expressionless/emotionless
2.you are asked to count back from 13's by a very high number.
*results: TSST creates stress and leads to an increase in ACTH and Cortisol
What is automatic specificity?
emotions can be distinguished in terms of their associated patterns of autonomic nervous system activity.
How does sickness behavior work in the body?
body injected with lipoposaccharyds->triggers the pro inflammatory cytokines->pro inflammatory cytokines act in the brain to cause SICKNESS BEHAVIOR.
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