The Roosevelt Corollary
A. claimed the right of the United States to act as a police power in the Western Hemisphere.
On April 2, 1917, Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war
against Germany, "to make the world safe for democracy."
In response to the Russian Revolution that led to the creation of the communist Soviet Union, the United States
pursued a policy of anticommunism that would remain at the center of American foreign policy during the twentieth century.
How did World War I and the rhetoric of freedom shape the labor movement and workers' expectations?
The wartime language of democracy and freedom inspired hopes among American workers that social and economic justice was at hand.
Marcus Garvey launched a separatist movement, encouraging blacks to embrace their African heritage
The Red Scare was a short-lived but intense period of political intolerance inspired by the postwar strike wave and the social tensions and fears generated by the Russian Revolution.
Besides work and school, the most active agents of Americanization during the 1920s were
dance halls, department stores, and movie theaters
In 1928, Herbert Hoover
won the presidency, primarily because of his sterling reputation and the general, apparent prosperity of the nation
President Hoover responded to the onset of the Depression by
reassuring Americans that "the tide had turned.
Fundamentalists supported Prohibition, while others viewed it as a violation of individual freedom.
In the early twentieth century, the Ku Klux Klan reemerged in the South, targeting only blacks
The term "New Negro" in art meant the rejection of established stereotypes and a search for black values to put in their place.
In his 1932 campaign for the presidency, Franklin D. Roosevelt promised Americans a policy change he called the:
The National Industrial Recovery Act
established codes that set standards for production, prices, and wages in several industries.
During 1934, the great wave of labor strikes included all of the following groups EXCEPT
Which statement best describes Huey Long, Upton Sinclair, and Dr. Francis Townsend?
They all challenged Roosevelt to move further to the left of center
The Social Security Act of 1935
included old-age pensions, unemployment relief, and aid to families with dependent children.
Which phrase best describes Eleanor Roosevelt's tenure as First Lady?
redefined the role of First Lady, championing women's rights, civil, and human rights
Very few Americans realized that the president who projected an image of vigorous leadership during the 1930s and World War II was confined to a wheelchair.
The administrators that Roosevelt chose for his cabinet reflected the conservative traditions of Coolidge and Hoover.
December 7, 1941, is known as a "date that will live in infamy," referring to
the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Under the bracero program
Mexicans were encouraged to immigrate to America, but they were denied the right of citizenship
Which statement about the Japanese-American internment is FALSE?
Once the FBI did background checks on individuals, they were free to leave the camps and return home
After the war, most of the women who had held defense jobs and wished to keep them were allowed to by their employers.
According to the policy of containment, as laid out by George Kennan, the:
United States was committed to preventing the spread of communism.
Which statement best describes what NSC-68 called for
a permanent military buildup and a global application of containment.
Which civil rights measure was passed into law during Truman's administration?
desegregation of the armed forces
Who were the common victims of McCarthyism?
virtually anyone who refused to cooperate with the investigations.
The Berlin Airlift made it clear that Truman was determined to deny the Soviet Union any victories in the Cold War.
Generally speaking, economics and geopolitical interests motivated American foreign policy, but the language of freedom was used to justify America's actions.
Harry Truman's Fair Deal focused on improving the social safety net and raising the standard of living of ordinary Americans.
After World War II, suburban growth:
increased dramatically, especially in places like Levittown and California.
After World War II, most working women:
were concentrated in low-paying, nonunion jobs such as clerical, sales, and service labor
During the 1950s, Americans:
on average married younger and had more children as compared to previous generations.
The term used to describe developing countries that refused to align with either of the two Cold War powers was
"Third World countries."
The Eisenhower Doctrine pledged support:
to any Middle Eastern country resisting communism or nationalism.
In Brown v. Board of Education, what was Thurgood Marshall's main argument before the Supreme Court?
that segregation did lifelong damage to black children, undermining their self-esteem.
As a result of the Montgomery boycott in 1955-1956:
the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public transportation was illegal.
The emergence of a popular culture geared toward the emerging youth market suggested that significant generational tensions lay beneath the bland surface of 1950s life.
Which statement best describes how the white South reacted to the Brown v. Board of Education decision?
D. Some states closed the public schools, rather than integrate, and offered white children the choice to opt out of integrated schools.