(1800-1900; Beethoven is the transition) Interest in humanity, supernatural, emotions (irrational), nature, revolution - reacting against the rationalism of the 1700s. God and Nature more important than reason and science. Nature was random, unpredictable. Looking back to the stories of the Medieval period. Music for everyone. Monumental compositions as well as miniature compositions.
Poets: Goethe (Faust), Edgar Allan Poe, Mary Shelley (Frankenstein)
Shakespeare revival; Restore the great cathedrals (Notre Dame); Greek revival
Elements increase - more complicated, more in terms of amounts
Rise of the piano, orchestra, virtuoso performers, conductors, nationalism